Main site navigation

Universal access

Gallery

Summary

Universal access implies maximal coverage of HIV prevention, treatment, care, and support services for those who require them. Basic principles for scaling up towards universal access are that services must be equitable, accessible, affordable, comprehensive, and sustainable over the long term. Because different settings often have distinctly different needs, targets for universal access are set nationally.

Related Entries

Related NGOs or Civil Society Organisations

Related Topics

Published Resources

Book Sections

  • Guennif, Samira; Claude Mfuka, 'Impact of Intellectual Property Rights on Aids Public Health Policy in Thailand', in Economics of AIDS and Access to HIV/AIDS Care in Developing Countries, Issues and Challenges, ANRS - Agence Nationale de Recherches sur le Sida, 2003, p. 14. (Also available at http://www.iaen.org/files.cgi/11077_part_1_n5_Guennif.pdf) [ Details... ]

Conference Papers

  • Rao, JVR Prasada, 'Overview of Epidemic and Response in Asia and the Pacific', in Plenary Speech at VIII International Congress on AIDS in Asia and the Pacific (ICAAP), Colombo 2007 by JVR Prasada Rao, UNAIDS - Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, 2007, p. 9. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Rao, JVR Prasada, 'Closing Remarks by Mr. JVR Prasada Rao', in 8th ICAAP 23 August 2007 Closing Remarks by Mr. JVR Prasada Rao UNAIDS Regional Support Team, Asia Pacific, 23 August 2007, p. 4. [ PDF File | Details... ]

Conference Proceedings

  • AFAO - Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations (ed.), Building Policy & Advocacy Capacity in Southeast Asia, AFAO Community Sector Workshop on HIV Treatments Access, Bankgkok, March 2004, AFAO, Bangkok, 17-19 March 2004, 82 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]

Edited Books

  • Stephenson, Niamh; Cammi Webb; Marina Carman (ed.), Testing, Trials and Re-thinking Human Rights: Reflections from the HIV Pandemic, ASHM - Australasian Society for HIV Medicine; School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of NSW; National Centre in HIV Social Research, University of NSW, Darlinghurst, 2005, 24 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]

Journals

  • Kamarulzaman, Adeeba, Robert Baldwin and Scott Hearnden (eds), 'Quarterly Update ICAAP Preview', AIDS Society of Asia and the Pacific: Quarterly Update to Members 02-2007, vol. 02, 2007, 11 pp. [ Details... ]

Journal Articles

  • Posse, Mariana, Filip Meheus, Henri van Asten, Andre van der Ven and Rob Baltussen, 'Barriers to Access to Antiretroviral Treatment in Developing Countries: A Review', Tropical Medicine and International Health, doi:10.1111/j.1365-3156.2008.02091.x, vol. 13, no. 7, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, July 2008, pp. 1-10. [ Details... ]
  • Vermund, Sten. H and William G. Powderly, 'Developing a Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Therapeutic Research Agenda for Resource-limited Countries: A Consensus Statement', Clinicial Infectious Diseases, Supplement Article, vol. 37, S1, 2003, pp. s4-s12. (Also available at http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/CID/journal/issues/v37nS1/30353/30353.web.pdf) [ Details... ]

Reports

  • Follow up on the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS: Work of WHO Progress Report, HIV/2002.12, WHO - World Health Organization, July 2002, 28 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • The Work of WHO on HIV/AIDS: Progress Report, WHO/HIV/2002.18, WHO - World Health Organization, Geneva, September 2002, 31 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Scaling Up Treatment and Care within a Coordinated and Comprehensive Response to HIV/AIDS, WHA57.14, World Health Assembly, 22 May 2004, 4 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • UNAIDS and WHO Consultation on Progress in Prevention and Care in the Context of the "3 by 5" Initiative and the Perspective of Universal Access in the Western Pacific Region, World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific, Manila, January 2006, 48 pp. (Also available at http://www.wpro.who.int/NR/rdonlyres/7D70B179-48CB-4857-9DA7-BADE9E3684E8/0 MeetingReportUNAIDSWHOConsultation2005Manila.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • ActionAid, Positive Voices: Emerging Governance Issues on HIV and AIDS in Asia, ActionAid, April 2006, 135 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • ActionAid International, '3 by 5' Ensuring HIV/AIDS Care for All?, International AIDS Conference 2004 briefing paper, ActionAid International, Johannesburg, June 2004, 6 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • ActionAid International, Patients, Prices and Access to Medicines, International Aids Conference 2004 briefing paper, ActionAid International, Johannesburg, June 2004, 8 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • AFAO - Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations, HIV/AIDS Drug Donations: A Briefing Paper, AFAO, 4 June 2001, 5 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • AFAO - Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations, Submission to the Interdepartmental Review of the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme, AFAO, 10 July 2002, 12 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • AFAO - Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations Inc., Treatments Access in the Asia/Pacific Region, AFAO, August 2003, 8 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • AHRN - Asian Harm Reduction Network, Scaling Up Provision of Anti-retrovirals to Injecting Drug Users and Non-injecting drug users in Asia, World Health Organization "3 x 5" initiative, AHRN, IHRA, WHO, Chiang Mai, 2004, 37 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • AHRN - Asian Harm Reduction Network, Scaling Up Anti-Retroviral Treatment to (Injecting) Drug Users in Asia, AHRN, Chiangmai, 2005, 4 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • ASEAN - Association of South East Asian Nations, Policy Review and Capacity Building Activities on Increasing Access to Affordable Drugs and Test Reagents: Project Paper, ASEAN - Association of South-East Asian Nations, 2002, 2 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • ASEAN - Association of South-East Asian Nations, ASEAN Work Programme on HIV/AIDS II (2002-2005), To support the implementation of the 7th ASEAN Summit Declaration on HIV/AIDS adopted by the 7th ASEAN Summit on 5th November 2001 in Brunei Darussalam, ASEAN Secretariat, Jakarta, 5 November 2001, 129 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • ASHM - Australasian Society for HIV Medicine, Treatment, Trade and Aid: Responding to the HIV/AIDS Pandemic, Editor: Marina Carmen Other authors: John Kaldor, Anne-christine d'Adesky, Don Baxter, Edward Reis, and Elizabeth Reid., ASHM, Darlinghurst, NSW, 2004, 40 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • AusAID - Australian Agency for International Development, HIV/AIDS Treatments and Australia's Aid Program, Commonwealth of Australia, April 2002, 16 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Campaign for Access to Essential Medicines Médecins Sans Frontières, HIV/AIDS Treatment in Developing Countries: The Battle for Long-Term Survival Has Just Begun, Campaign for Access to Essential Medicines Médecins Sans Frontières, Geneva, July 2009, 8 pp. (Also available at http://www.doctorswithoutborders.org/publications/reports/2009 msf_hiv-aids-treatment_battle-for-long-term-survival.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Carman, Marina, Trade Negotiations and Treatment Access, ASHM - Australasian Society for HIV Medicine, Darlinghurst, 2004, 6 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Carman, Marina (ed.), Treatment, Trade and Aid: Responding to the HIV/AIDS Pandemic, ASHM - Australasian Society for HIV Medicine, Darlinghurst, 2004, 40 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Chakrapani, Venkatesan Peter A Newman, Murali Shanmugam and Sandy Michael, Barriers to Free Antiretroviral Treatment Access for Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) and Transgender Women in Chennai, India, INP+ - Indian Network for People Living with HIV, Chennai, November 2008, 26 pp. (Also available at http://www.inpplus.net/images DL_Research_2_Report_ART_MSM_Aravanis_Nov_08_VC_UD.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Chakrapani, Venkatesan, Jaikumar Velayudham, Sandy Michael and Murali Shanmugam, Barriers to Free Antiretroviral Treatment Access for Injecting Drug Users in Chennai, India, INP+ - Indian Network for People Living with HIV, Chennai, November 2008, 31 pp. (Also available at http://www.inpplus.net/images DL_Research_4_Report_Barriers_IDU_ART_Nov_08_VC_UD.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Chakrapani, Venkatesan, Murali Shanmugam, Sandy Michael and Robert Dubrow, Barriers to Free Antiretroviral Treatment Access for Female Sex Workers in Chennai, India, INP+ - Indian Network for People Living with HIV, Chennai, November 2008, 20 pp. (Also available at http://www.inpplus.net/images DL_Research_3_Report_Barriers_ART_FSW_Nov_08_VC_UD.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Chakrapani, Venkatesan, Peter A Newman and Robert Dubrow, Policy Brief: Barriers to Free Antiretroviral Treatment Access for Marginalized Groups in India: Policy and Programmatic Implications to Ensure Equity, INP+ - Indian Network for People Living with HIV, Chennai, 30 November 2008, 16 pp. (Also available at http://www.inpplus.net/images DL_Research_1_Policy_Brief_ART_Equity_Nov30_08_VC.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Cohen, Jonathan, Not Enough Graves: The War on Drugs, HIV/AIDS, and Violations of Human Rights, June 2004, Vol. 16, No. 8 (C), Human Rights Watch, June 2004, 60 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Csete, Joanne, the Open Society Institute’s Public Health Program, the UNAIDS Secretariat and WHO- World Health Organization, The Role of Human Rights in Ensuring Universal Access to HIV Testing and Counselling, Open Society Institute, UNAIDS - Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, WHO- World Health Organization, Geneva, November 2010, 40 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • d’Adesky, Anne-christine, WHO Pares Down HIV Treatment Guidelines for Poor Countries, ASHM - Australasian Society for HIV Medicine, Darlinghurst, 2004, 5 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • DFID - Department for International Development, HIV and AIDS Treatment and Care Policy, DFID, London, July 2004, 43 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Dhaliwal, Mandeep & Tom Ellman, Improving Access to Anti-Retroviral Treatment in Cambodia, KHANA - Khmer HIV/AIDS NGO Alliance, September 2003, 47 pp. (Also available at http://synkronweb.aidsalliance.org/graphics/secretariat/publications kh0903_Cambodia_access_to_treatment.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Foreman, Martin, Patents, Pills and Public Health: Can TRIPS Deliver?, The Panos Institute, 2002. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Foreman, Martin; Fleur Pollard; Winnie Ssanyu-Sseruma, Beyond Our Means? The Cost of Treating HIV/AIDS in the Developing World, Panos, 2000, 32 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Global Health Council, HIV/AIDS: A Global Health Council Position Paper, Global Health Council, Washington DC, May 2010, 6 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Global HIV Prevention Working Group, HIV Prevention in the Era of Expanded Treatment Access, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, June 2004, 28 pp. (Also available at http://www.gatesfoundation.org/nr/downloads/globalhealth/aids/PWG2004Report.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Positive Prevention: HIV Prevention with People Living with HIV - A Guide for NGOs and Service Providers, International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Brighton, September 2007, 36 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • ITPC - International Treatment Preparedness Coalition, Missing the Target: A Report on HIV/AIDS Treatment Access from the Frontlines, Missing the Target Series, 28 November 2005, 98 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • ITPC - International Treatment Preparedness Coalition, Missing the Target #3: Stagnation in AIDS Treatment Scale Up Puts Millions of Lives at Risk, Missing the Target Series, Second six month update to ITPC's AIDS treatment report from the frontlines, ITPC, 28 November 2006, 57 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • ITPC - International Treatment Preparedness Coalition, Missing the Target: Off Target for 2010: How to Avoid Breaking the Promise of Universal Access, Missing the Target Series, Update to ITPC's AIDS treatment report from the frontlines, ITPC, 24 May 2006, 43 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • ITPC - International Treatment Preparedness Coalition, Missing the Target #5: Improving AIDS Drug Access and Advancing Health Care for All, Missing the Target Series, Embargoed Until 27 November 2007, 10am eastern standard Time 15:00 GMT, ITPC, December 2007, 114 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • ITPC - International Treatment Preparedness Coalition, Missing the Target #4: Time is Running Out to End AIDS - Treatment and Prevention for All!, Missing the Target Series, ITPC, 18 July 2007, 119 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Kaplan, Karyn and Rebecca Schleifer, Deadly Denial: Barriers to HIV/AIDS Treatment for People Who Use Drugs in Thailand, Volume 19, No. 17(c), Human Rights Watch; TTAG - Thai AIDS Treatment Action Group, © November 2007, 61 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Limanonda, Bhassorn, Working Paper on Reproductive Health: HIV/AIDS Prevention, Treatment and Care: Regional Situation and Issues for Consideration, UNESCAP, December 2003, 25 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Médecins Sans Frontières - Campaign for Access to Essential Medicines, MSF Letter to the WHO Executive Board, MSF Campaign for Access to Essential Medicines, 13 January 2004. (Also available at http://www.accessmed-msf.org/prod publications.asp?scntid=21120041021392&contenttype=PARA&) [ Details... ]
  • Medecins Sans Frontieres - Access to Essential Medicines Campaign, Strategies for Increasing Access to Medicines in Developing Countries: Recommendations to the Bush Administration, MSF Campaign for Access to Essential Medicines, 2001, 7 pp. (Also available at http://www.accessmed-msf.org/upload/ReportsandPublications/392001255408 Briefing%20US.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Medecins Sans Frontieres - Access to Essential Medicines Campaign, Equitable Access: Scaling up HIV/AIDS Treatment in Developing Countries, MSF Campaign for Access to Essential Medicines, December 2002, 5 pp. (Also available at http://www.accessmed-msf.org/upload/ReportsandPublications/271120021557479 FinalWADbackgrounder.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Medecins sans Frontieres - Campaign for Access to Essential Medicines, Access to Medicines at Risk Across the Globe: What to Watch Out For in Free Trade Agreements with the United States, MSF Briefing Note, MSF Campaign for Access to Essential Medicines, Geneva, May 2004, 12 pp. (Also available at http://www.accessmed-msf.org/documents/ftabriefingenglish.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Médecins Sans Frontières - Campaign for Access to Essential Medicines, Médecins Sans Frontières Responds to Hudson Institute Report on Drug Prices, MSF Campaign for Access to Essential Medicines, 19 May 2004, 4 pp. (Also available at http://www.accessmed-msf.org/documents/Hudsonreportresponse.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Médecins Sans Frontières, Campaign for Access to Essential Medicines, Getting Ahead of the Wave: Lessons for the Next Decade of the AIDS Response, Médecins Sans Frontières, Campaign for Access to Essential Medicines, Geneva, May 2011, 36 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Montesó, Marta and Aditi Sharma, Tackling Political Barriers to End AIDS, Books for Change, Bangalore, n/d, 64 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • MSF - Médecins Sans Frontières, Surmounting Challenges: Procurement of Antiretroviral Medicines in Low- and Middle-Income Countries - The Experience of Médecins Sans Frontières, MSF/WHO/UNAIDS Secretariat, 2003, 56 pp. (Also available at http://www.accessmed-msf.org/documents/procurementreport.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • MSF - Médecins Sans Frontières, Untangling the Web of Antiretroviral Price Reductions, 11th Edition, MSF, Geneva, July 2008, 88 pp. (Also available at http://www.msfaccess.org/fileadmin/user_upload/diseases/hiv-aids Untanglingtheweb_July2008_English.pdfhttp://www.msfaccess.org/fileadmin/user_upload/diseases) [ Details... ]
  • NORAD - The Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation, Why bother? Global Health and AIDS: Fighting for Justice and Equity, A dialogue on cutting-edge issues and the way forward, Report from a Seminar in Oslo January 13, 2011, NORAD, Oslo, 2011, 23 pp. (Also available at http://zunia.org/uploads/media/knowledge Why%20bother%20Global%20Health%20and%20AIDS%20Fighting%20for%20justice%20and%20equity1314090129.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Samuels, Fiona, HIV and Emergencies: One Size Does Not Fit All, Overseas Development Institute Briefing Paper 50, ODI - Overseas Development Institute, London, March 2009, 4 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Secretary-General of the United Nations, Progress Made in the Implementation of the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS: Report of the Secretary-General, United Nations General Assembly A/59/765, United Nations, New York, April 2005, 21 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Secretary-General of the United Nations, Progress Made in the Implementation of the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS and the Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS: Report of the Secretary-General, A/64/735, UN - United Nations, New York, April 2010, 23 pp. (Also available at http://data.unaids.org/pub/BaseDocument/2010/a64735_sgreport_2010_en.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • The Inter Agency Task Team on Prevention of HIV Infection in Pregnant Women, Mothers and their Children, Guidance on Global Scale-Up of the Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV: Towards Universal Access for Women, Infants and Young Children and Eliminating HIV and AIDS Among Children, (NLM classification: WC 503.2), WHO - World Health Organization, Geneva, 2007, 40 pp. (Also available at http://www.aidsportal.org/repos/736_filename_guidance.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • The Seven Sisters - The Coalition of Asia Pacific Regional Networks on HIV/AIDS, Minimum Standards for Civil Society Participation in the Universal Access Initiative, Working Document, The 7 Sisters, Bangkok, August 2007, 40 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • UN - United Nations, Uniting for Universal Access: Towards Zero New HIV Infections, Zero Discrimination and Zero AIDS-Related Deaths, Report of the Secretary-General, Sixty-fifth session, Agenda item 10: Implementation of the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS and the Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS, UN, New York, March 2011, 24 pp. (Also available at http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/pdf/2011_SG_Report_HIV.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • UNAIDS - Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, 19th Meeting of the UNAIDS Programme Coordinating Board; Lusaka, Zambia; 6-8 December 2006, Follow-up to the 2006 Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS; 2007-2010 Strategic Framework for UNAIDS Support to Countries' Efforts to Move Towards Universal Access, UNAIDS/PCB(19)/06.5 10 November 2006, 6-8 December 2006, 13 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • UNAIDS - Joint United Nations Proramme on HIV/AIDS, Joint Action for Results: UNAIDS Outcome Framework 2009-2011, “UNAIDS/09.13E / JC1713E”., UNAIDS, Geneva, March 2010, 16 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, The Road Towards Universal Access: Scaling Up Access to HIV Prevention, Treatment, Care and Support - Pragmatic Solutions Towards Universal Access in Asia and the Pacific Islands, UNAIDS, February 2006, 2 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, The Road Towards Universal Access: Scaling Up Access to HIV Prevention, Treatment, Care and Support, UNAIDS, January, 4 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, The Road Towards Universal Access: Scaling Up Access to HIV Prevention, Treatment, Care and Support, UNAIDS, January 2006, 7 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, Practical Guidelines for Intensifying HIV Prevention: Towards Universal Access, UNAIDS/07.07E, UNAIDS, Geneva, 2007. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, Annual Report 2009: UNAIDS, UNAIDS, Geneva, June 2010, 86 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, Securing the Future Today: Synthesis of Strategic Information on HIV and Young People, UNAIDS/ JC2112E, UNAIDS, Geneva, 2011, 112 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, WHO- World Health Organization and UNDP - United Nations Development Programme, Using TRIPS Flexibilities to Improve Access to HIV Treatment: Policy Brief, UNAIDS, 2011, 12 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • UNAIDS Global Reference Group on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights, The Policy and Programmatic Implications of a Positive Test Result. Some Preliminary Considerations, Issue Paper, UNAIDS - Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, 28-30 January 2004, 3 pp. (Also available at http://data.unaids.org/Topics/Human-Rights/hr_refgroup3_01_en.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • UNAIDS Reference Group on HIV and Human Rights, Statement on Human Rights & Universal Access to HIV Prevention, Treatment, Care & Support, n/d, 2 pp. (Also available at http://data.unaids.org/pub/BaseDocument/2008 20080606_rghr_statement_universalaccess_en.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • UNAIDS, National AIDS Authority Cambodia, Scaling Up Towards Universal Access to HIV Prevention, Treatment, Care, and Support: Cambodia Country Report, National AIDS Authority Cambodia, February 2006, 39 pp. (Also available at http://www.naa.org.kh/resource/UA%20Cambodia%20Country%20Report%20Final.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • UNDP - United Nations Development Programme and UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, UNAIDS Action Framework: Universal Access for Men who have Sex with Men and Transgender People, UNAIDS/09.22E / JC1720E, UNAIDS, Geneva, May 2009. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • UNDP Pacific Centre and UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, Enabling Effective Responses to HIV in Pacific Island Countries: Options for Human Rights-Based Legislative Reform, UNDP Pacific Centre; UNAIDS, Suva, 2009, 134 pp. (Also available at http://content.undp.org/go/cms-service/download/asset/?asset_id=2200328) [ Details... ]
  • United Nations Development Programme, HIV/AIDS and Development in South Asia 2003, Regional Human Development Report, UNDP, 2003, 218 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Community-Level Good Practices in HIV Prevention Care & Support for Policy Consideration: Two Case Studies, UNESCAP, 2005, 36 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Vincent, Robert, Breaking Barriers: Effective Communication for Universal Access to HIV Prevention, Treatment, Care and Support by 2010, Panos, October 2006, 30 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • WHO - World Health Organization, Antiretroviral Therapy of HIV Infection in Infants and Children in Resource-Limited Settings: Towards Universal Access - Recommendations for a Public Health Approach, WHO - World Health Organization, Geneva, 2006, 171 pp. (Also available at http://www.who.int/hiv/pub/guidelines/WHOpaediatric.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • WHO - World Health Organization, Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV Infection in Infants and Children: Towards Universal Access: Executive Summary of Recommendations, WHO, Geneva, 2010, 10 pp. (Also available at http://www.who.int/hiv/pub/paediatric/paed-prelim-summary.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • WHO - World Health Organization and UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, Ensuring Equitable Access to Antiretroviral Treatment for Women: WHO/UNAIDS Policy Statement, WHO, 2004. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • WHO - World Health Organization, UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS and UNICEF - The United Nations Children's Fund, Towards Universal Access: Scaling Up Priority HIV/AIDS Interventions in the Health Sector: Progress Report 2008, WHO, Geneva, 2008, 148 pp. (Also available at http://www.who.int/hiv/pub/towards_universal_access_report_2008.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Wirtz, Veronika J., Steven S. Forsythe, Atanacio Valencia‐Mendoza, Sergio Bautista‐Arredondo and Yared Santa Ana‐Téllez, The Cost of Antiretrovirals: Maximizing Value for Money, Draft Working Paper, Results for Development Institute; aids2031, n/d, 34 pp. (Also available at http://www.resultsfordevelopment.org/sites/default/files/resources The%20Cost%20of%20Antiretrovirals.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • World Health Organization, Emergency Scale-Up of Antiretroviral Therapy in Resource-Limited Settings: Technical and Operational Recommendations to Achieve 3 By 5, World Health Organization, Geneva, 2004, 48 pp. (Also available at http://www.who.int/3by5/publications/documents/en/zambiaen.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • World Health Organization Western Pacific Regional Office, Women, Girls, HIV & AIDS, Advocacy Note, World AIDS Day Campaign 2004, WHO - World Health Organization, Manila, 2004, 11 pp. (Also available at http://www.wpro.who.int/NR/rdonlyres/F1F88521-518C-4EAC-AF7E-1F07A4E9FF0B/0 WAD2004_Women_Girls_HIV_AIDS.pdf) [ Details... ]

Prepared by: Alanna Vivian