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Sex workers and clients

Gallery

Alternative Names
  • Commercial sex
  • Commercial sexual exploitation of children
  • Intimate partner transmission
  • Key populations at higher risk
  • Sale of sexual services
  • Transactional sex
Summary

Note: Topic descriptions are intended to be a search aid rather than an authoritative or complete definition.

Details

This topic encompasses policy and related published sources referring specifically to people who exchange sex for money, drugs, shelter, etc. Issues include HIV and other STI prevention measures aimed at sex workers and clients such as condom distribution programs, country legislation impacting on sex workers, discrimination, trafficking in women and children for sexual purposes, sex tourism, and violence against women in the sex industry.

Prepared by: Bruce A. Smith

Related Entries

Related NGOs or Civil Society Organisations

Related Topics

Published Resources

Books

  • Hunter, Susan, AIDS in Asia, Palgrave Macmillan, 2005, 256 pp. [ Details... ]

Conference Papers

  • Fysh, Geoffrey, Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations, 'History of the Government's Response to HIV in the Sex Industry', in HIV and Sex Work - 1st National Conference, Melbourne, AFAO, 2-3 April 1996, p. 15. [ PDF File | Details... ]

Journals

  • Couldrey, Marion and Maurice Herson (eds), 'Forced Migration Review', HIV/AIDS, Security and Conflict: Making the Connections, Refugee Studies Centre, Oxford Department of International Development, Oxford, October 2010, 32 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]

Journal Articles

Reports

  • Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui Changwu Weiyuanhui Guanyu Yanjin Maiyin Piaochang de Jueding (Decision on Banning Prostitution by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress), Standing Committee, National Congress of China, 1991. (Also available at http://www.chinaids.org.cn/zhq/ShowContent.asp?lm=031&sn=301) [ Details... ]
  • Mate Ketoketo/Arai Kore: A report about HIV/AIDS and Māori, Te Puni Kōkiri (Ministry of Māori Development), Wellington, 1994, 43 pp. [ Details... ]
  • Prevention and Suppression of Prostitution Act B.E. 2539 (1996), Royal Thai Government of Thailand, Thailand, 1996. (Also available at http://www.ilo.org/dyn/natlex/docs/WEBTEXT/46403/65063/E96THA01.htm) [ Details... ]
  • Partnerships in Practice: National HIV/AIDS Strategy 1996-97 to 1998-99, A strategy framed in the context of sexual health and related communicable diseases, Australian Government Publication Service, Canberra, December 1996, 87 pp. (Also available at http://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/Content pip.pdfhttp://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/Contenthttp://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf) [ Details... ]
  • National Policy on HIV/AIDS and STD Related Issues, Director General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, November 1996, 92 pp. (Also available at http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/trav/aids/laws bangladeshnationalpolicy.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • 100% Condom Use Programme In Entertainment Establishments, World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific, Manila, 2000, 42 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • The HIV/AIDS/STD Situation and the National Response in the Kingdom of Cambodia: Country Profile, 3rd edn, UNAIDS Cambodia, February 2000, 58 pp. (Also available at http://www.hawaii.edu/hivandaids HIVAIDSSTD_Situation_and_the_National_Response_in_the_Kingdom_of_Cambodia__Country_Profile.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • National Plan for the Prevention and Alleviation of HIV/AIDS in Thailand 2002-2006, AIDS Division, Department of Communicable Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health, November 2001, 43 pp. (Also available at http://www.un.or.th/unaidsth/Documents/National%20AIDS%20Plan.doc) [ Details... ]
  • Sex Work in Asia, World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific, July 2001, 38 pp. (Also available at http://www.wpro.who.int/NR/rdonlyres/D01A4265-A142-4E19-99AE-6CC7E44F995C/0 Sex_Work_in_Asia_July2001.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • HIV Prevention and Care in Sex Workers and Clients - Principles of Strategy, HIV Prevention in Hong Kong Strategy Series, AIDS Prevention and Care Committee, Hong Kong Advisory Council on AIDS, June 2001, 14 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • UN System Strategic Plan for HIV/AIDS 2001-2005, UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, 2001, 74 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Gender and AIDS Almanac, UNAIDS - Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, 2001, 56 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care for Women - Principles of Strategy, HIV Prevention in Hong Kong Strategy Series, AIDS Prevention and Care Committee, Hong Kong Advisory Council on AIDS, May 2002, 15 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • National Strategic Plan for Prevention and Control of HIV/AIDS in Sri Lanka, 2002-2006, Ministry of Health, Government of Sri Lanka, 2002, 47 pp. (Also available at http://www.unaids.org/) [ Details... ]
  • The HIV/AIDS/STD Situation and the National Response in Nepal, UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS; National Center for AIDS and STD Control, Kathmandu, January 2003, 11 pp. (Also available at http://www.synergyaids.com/documents/NepalHIVResponse03.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • National HIV/AIDS Strategic Plan 2004-2006, Ministry of Health, Government of Fiji, 2003, 123 pp. [ Details... ]
  • National Estimates of Adult HIV Infection, Indonesia 2002, Workshop Report, Ministry of Health (Indonesia), Jakarta, 2003, 54 pp. (Also available at http://www.fhi.org/en/HIVAIDS/pub/survreports/indonesia2002.htm) [ Details... ]
  • Myanmar National Strategic Plan on HIV and AIDS: Operational Plan April 2006 - March 2009, 23 September 2006, 22 pp. (Also available at http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs4 mm_national_strategic_plan_operational_plan.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Myanmar National Strategic Plan on HIV and AIDS 2006-2010, Draft, 28 June 2006, Government of Myanmar, 2006, 97 pp. (Also available at http://him.civiblog.org/_attachments/2686915 mm%20national%20strategic%20plan.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Global Reach: How Trade Unions Are Responding to AIDS: Case Studies of Union Action, UNAIDS Best Practice Collection/06.23E, UNAIDS, July 2006, 72 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Zhonghu Renmin Gongheguo Aizibing Yufang he Kongzhi Zhongqi Guihua 1990-1992 (People's Republic of China: Mid Term Plan of HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control (1990-1992)), n/d. (Also available at http://www.chinaids.org.cn/zhq/ShowContent.asp?lm=031&sn=661) [ Details... ]
  • A2 Technical Working Group, The HIV Epidemic in Ho Chi Minh City: Where is it Going?, Vietnamese and English translation., PEPFAR - The U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, n/d, 36 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • ADB - Asian Development Bank, HIV Prevention and Infrastructure: Mitigating Risk in the Greater Mekong Subregion (Financed by the Government of Australia), Project Number: 41353, ADB, May 2008, 22 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • ADB - Asian Development Bank; UNDP; World Vision Australia; The Macfarlane Institute, Toolkit for HIV Prevention Among Mobile Populations in the Greater Mekong Subregion, ADB, 2002, 41 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Advisory Council on AIDS Hong Kong, Strategies for AIDS Prevention, Care and Control in Hong Kong, Advisory Council on AIDS Hong Kong, 1994, 85 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Advisory Council on AIDS Hong Kong, AIDS Strategies for Hong Kong 1999-2001, The Hong Kong Advisory Council on AIDS, 1999, 21 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • AFAO - Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations Inc., Review of Vietnam’s Ordinance on the Prevention and Control of HIV/AIDS: Expert Input Submission, AFAO, Sydney, August 2003, 12 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • AFAO - Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations Inc., Submission to Exposure Draft Criminal Code Amendment (Trafficking in Persons Offences) Bill 2004, 18 October 2004, 3 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • AFAO - Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations Inc., A Guide to Best Practice Occupation and Health Safety in the Australian Sex Industry, David Edler, AFAO, n/d. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Aggleton, Peter; Elaine Chase; Kim Rivers; Paul Tyrer, Innovative Approaches to HIV Prevention: Selected Case Studies, UNAIDS - Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, Geneva, October 2000, 55 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • AIDS/STD Section, Disease Control Division, Department of Public Health, Malaysia, National Strategic Plan: Prevention and Control of HIV Infection, Malaysia, Ministry of Health, Malaysia, 30 June 1998, 26 pp. [ Details... ]
  • AIDS/STD Section, Disease Control Division, Department of Public Health, Ministry of Health, Malaysia, Plan of Action for the Prevention and Control of HIV Infection, Ministry of Health, Malaysia, 1998, 137 pp. [ Details... ]
  • AMAL Human Development Network, The First Asia/Pacific Women, Girls & HIV/AIDS Best Practices Conference, November 29-December 01, 2004,, AMAL Human Development Network, Islamabad, December 2004. [ Details... ]
  • Amin, Avni, Risk, Morality, and Blame: A Critical Analysis of Government and U.S. Donor Responses to HIV Infections Among Sex Workers in India, Centre for Health and Gender Equity - CHANGE, Takoma Park, MD, January 2004, 32 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • ANCARD - Australian National Council on AIDS & Related Diseases, The National Indigenous Australians' Sexual Health Strategy 1996-97 to 1998-99, A Report of the ANCARD Working Party on Indigenous Australians' Sexual Health, Looking Glass Press for Publications and Design (Public Affairs) Commonwealth Department of Health and Family Services, Canberra, 1997, 122 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • ANCARD - Australian National Council on AIDS and Related Diseases, Status Report on Implementation of the Final Report Recommendations of the Legal Working Party, The Council, Canberra, June 1999, 69 pp. (Also available at http://www.ancahrd.org/pubs/pdfs/statrepfinal.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • APNSW - Asia Pacific Network of Sex Workers, UNFPA - United Nations Population Fund and UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS/International Parliamentary Union, Building Partnerships on HIV and Sex Work: Report and Recommendations from the First Asia and the Pacific Regional Consultation on HIV and Sex Work, APNSW, UNFPA and UNAIDS, Bangkok, March 2011, 78 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • AusAID - Australian Agency for International Development, Asia Regional HIV/AIDS Project: Project Design Document, AusAID, Canberra, October 2001, 101 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Australasian Chapter of Sexual Health Medicine, Clinical Guidelines for the Management of Sexually Transmissible Infections Among Priority Populations, The Royal Australasian College of Physicians, Australasian Chapter of Sexual Health Medicine, Sydney, 2004. (Also available at http://www.acshp.org.au/sexual_health/guidelines sti_guidelines_priority_populations.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Baden, Sally, Women, HIV/AIDS and Development: Towards Gender Appropriate Prevention Strategies in South-East Asia and the South Pacific, BRIDGE (development - gender), Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK, October 1992, 59 pp. (Also available at http://www.bridge.ids.ac.uk/reports/re5c.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Banach, Linda, Unjust and Counter-Productive: The Failure of Governments to Protect Sex Workers from Discrimination, The Scarlet Alliance and AFAO, November 1999, 51 pp. (Also available at http://www.afao.org.au/library_docs/policy/sexworkdiscrim.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Bangladesh AIDS and Prevention Control Programme, Strategic Plan of The National AIDS Programme of Bangladesh 1997-2002, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, July 2000, 44 pp. (Also available at http://hivaidsclearinghouse.unesco.org ev.php?URL_ID=1653&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201&reload=1097143865) [ Details... ]
  • Berkowitz, Leah, Theresa Hwang, Indira Sarma and Nadia Shadravan, Standing Together, Reducing Risk: The Power of Groups, CARE, Atlanta, September 2009, 44 pp. (Also available at http://www.aidsportal.org/repos/STRR_Report_HIV_AIDS_2009.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Bloom, David, Ajay Mahal, Larry Rosenberg, Jaypee Sevilla, David Steven and Mark Weston, Asia's Economies and the Challenge of AIDS, Asian Development Bank, April 2004, 118 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Borowitz, Michael, Elizabeth Wiley, Fadia Saadah and Enis Baris, Responding to HIV/AIDS in the East Asia and Pacific Region: A Strategy Note for the World Bank, Health, Nutrition and Population (HNP) Discussion Paper, The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank, Washington, December 2003, 82 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Boyce, Paul and Sunil Pant, Rapid Ethnography of Male to Male Sexuality and Sexual Health, Family Health International, Kathmandu, December 2001, 35 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Broughton, Bernard, Guide to HIV/AIDS and Development, AusAID - Australian Agency for International Development, Canberra, October 1999, 79 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, A Human Rights-based Commentary on UNAIDS Guidance Note: HIV and Sex Work (April 2007), Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, Toronto, September 2007, 23 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Center for Disease Control, Ying Jieshou Renlei Mianyi Quefa Bingduzhe zhi Fanwei (People to be tested for HIV), Issued by Department of Health, Center for Disease Control, Taiwan, ROC, 2004. [ Details... ]
  • Chakrapani, Venkatesan, Murali Shanmugam, Sandy Michael and Robert Dubrow, Barriers to Free Antiretroviral Treatment Access for Female Sex Workers in Chennai, India, INP+ - Indian Network for People Living with HIV, Chennai, November 2008, 20 pp. (Also available at http://www.inpplus.net/images DL_Research_3_Report_Barriers_ART_FSW_Nov_08_VC_UD.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Chakrapani, Venkatesan, Murali Shanmugam, Sandy Michael, Jaikumar Velayudham and Peter A Newman, HIV Testing Barriers and Facilitators among Populations at-risk in Chennai, India, INP+ - Indian Network for People Living with HIV, Chennai, June 2008, 34 pp. (Also available at http://www.inpplus.net/images/DL_APCASO%20Research%20Report-Jun2008.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Chakrapani, Venkatesan, Peter A Newman and Robert Dubrow, Policy Brief: Barriers to Free Antiretroviral Treatment Access for Marginalized Groups in India: Policy and Programmatic Implications to Ensure Equity, INP+ - Indian Network for People Living with HIV, Chennai, 30 November 2008, 16 pp. (Also available at http://www.inpplus.net/images DL_Research_1_Policy_Brief_ART_Equity_Nov30_08_VC.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Chatavanich, Supang, Mobility and HIV/AIDS in the Greater Mekong Subregion, Allan Beesey and Shakti Paul (Asian Research Center for Migration, Chulalongkorn University), Asian Development Bank, 2000, 145 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • China Ministry of Health & UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS in China, China Responds to AIDS: HIV/AIDS Situation & Needs Assessment Report, November 1997. (Also available at http://www.unchina.org/unaids/ekey1.html) [ Details... ]
  • Collins, Joseph and Bill Rau, AIDS in the Context of Development, UNRISD Programme on Social Policy and Development Paper Number 4, UNRISD - United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, Geneva, December 2000, 77 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Commission on AIDS in Asia, Redefining AIDS in Asia: Crafting an Effective Response - Report of the Commission on AIDS in Asia, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 26 March 2008, 258 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care, Changes and Challenges: National HIV/AIDS Strategy 1999-2000 to 2003-2004, Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2000, 59 pp. (Also available at http://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/Content hivstrat_4.pdfhttp://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/Contenthttp://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf) [ Details... ]
  • Constantine, Janine, Turning the Tide: An OPEN Strategy for a Response to AIDS in the Pacific, Report of the Commission on AIDS in the Pacific – Suva, Fiji : UNAIDS Pacific Region, 2009 - Presented to Mr Ban Ki-moon, UN Secretary General, on 2 December 2009 in New York, UNAIDS Pacific Region, Fiji, Bangkok, December 2009, 150 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Costello Daly, Celine Dr., Prevention of Trafficking and the Care and Support of Trafficked Persons (In the Context of an Emerging HIV/AIDS Epidemic in Nepal), Horizons Project, Population Council, The Asia Foundation & Population Council, New Delhi, February 2001, 78 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • de Lind van Wijngaarden, Jan W, The HIV/AIDS Situation in the Republic of the Maldives in 2006, August 2006, 51 pp. (Also available at http://aidsallianceindia.net/Material_Upload/document THE%20HIV-AIDS%20SITUATION.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Derks, Annuska, Reintegration of Victims of Trafficking in Cambodia, IOM - International Organization for Migration & Center for Advanced Study, Phnom Penh, October 1998, 60 pp. (Also available at http://www.cascambodia.org/reintegration.htm) [ Details... ]
  • du Guerny, Jacques; Lee-Nah Hsu, Mapping for the Health and Well-Being of Mobile Sex Workers and the Communities They Serve: the Case of Cambodia, UNDP - South East Asia HIV and Development Project, 3 pp. (Also available at http://www.undp.org/hiv/docs/alldocs Asia%20-%20Mapping%20for%20the%20Health%20and%20Well-being%20of%20Mobile%20Sex%20Workers%20and%20the%20Communities%20They%20Serve%20-%20The%20Case%20of%20Cambodia%20(2002).pdf) [ Details... ]
  • EAP - The Essential Advocacy Project, The Power to Change - A Training Manual: Building Advocacy Capacity for India's HIV/AIDS Response, Training Resources, EAP, New Delhi, August 2007, 341 pp. (Also available at http://www.constellagroup.com/international-development/resources power-to-change.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Family Health International, Behind the Pleasure: Sexual Decision-Making Among High-Risk Men in Urban Vietnam, Family Health International and USAID, 2006, 84 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Feachem, Richard G. A., Valuing the Past...Investing in the Future: Evaluation of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy 1993-94 to 1995-96, 2nd edn, Looking Glass Press for Publications and Design (Public Affairs), Commonwealth Dept. of Human Services and Health, Downer, ACT, November 1995, 232 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • FHI - Family Health International, Young People Most at Risk of HIV, FHI, Research Triangle Park, 100 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • FHI - Family Health International, What Drives HIV in Asia?: A Summary of Trends in Sexual and Drug-Taking Behaviours, FHI, 2001, 61 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Fordham, Graham, Adolescent Reproductive Health in Cambodia: Status, Policies, Programs, and Issues, POLICY Project, January 2004, 39 pp. (Also available at http://www.policyproject.com/pubs/countryreports/ARH_Cambodia.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • FPAN - Family Planning Association of Nepal, HIV/AIDS Strategy 2002-2006, FPAN, n/d, 20 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Gable, Lance, Katharina Gamharter, Lawrence O. Gostin, James G. Hodge, Jr. And Rudolf V. Van Puymbroeck, Legal Aspects of HIV/AIDS: A Guide for Policy and Law Reform, The World Bank, Washington, DC, 2007, 250 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • GNP+ - The Global Network of People Living with HIV, The Global Criminalisation Scan Report 2010: Documenting Trends, Presenting Evidence, GNP+, Amsterdam, July 2010, 48 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Godwin, John, Enabling Legal Environments for Effective HIV Responses: A Leadership Challenge for the Commonwealth, International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Hove, November 2010, 64 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Government of Nepal, Nepal's National HIV/AIDS Strategy 2002-2006, Government of Nepal, 2002. (Also available at http://www.unaids.org/html/pub/topics/nsp-library/nsp-asia nsp_nepal_2002-2006_en_doc.htm) [ Details... ]
  • Hawkes, Sarah and K.G. Santhya, Diverse Realities: Understanding Sexually Transmitted Infections and HIV in India, South and East Asia Regional Working Paper Series, The Population Council, New Delhi, 2001, 77 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • HIV/AIDS & STI Section, PHP, Secretariat of the Pacific Community, The Pacific Regional Strategy on HIV/AIDS 2004-2008 (Final Working Draft), (Final Working Draft), SPC - Secretariat of the Pacific Community, 5th July 2004, 32 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Hong Kong Advisory Council on AIDS, Annual Report of Hong Kong Advisory Council on AIDS (August 2001-July 2002), Hong Kong Advisory Council on AIDS, Hong Kong, July 2002, 66 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Hong Kong Advisory Council on AIDS, Annual Report of Hong Kong Advisory Council on AIDS (August 2002-July 2003), Hong Kong Advisory Council on AIDS, Hong Kong, May 2004, 39 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Hong Kong Advisory Council on AIDS, Annual Report of Hong Kong Advisory Council on AIDS (August 2003-July 2004), Hong Kong Advisory Council on AIDS, 2005, 46 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Hsu, Lee-Nah, HIV Policy Formation and Strategic Planning for the Communication, Transportation, Post, Construction and Tourism Sector- Lao People's Democratic Republic, Compiled by Michelle Rodolph, UNDP South East Asia HIV and Development Project, October 2001, 28 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Hugo, Graeme, Population Mobility and HIV/AIDS in Indonesia, Indonesia: Internal and International Population Mobility: Implications for the Spread of HIV/AIDS, UNDP South East Asia HIV and Development Programme; UNAIDS Indonesia; ILO Indonesia, November 2001, 235 pp. (Also available at http://www.hivdevelopment.org/pdf_files 2001-26%20Population%20Mobility%20and%20HIV%20AIDS%20in%20Indonesia.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Human Rights Watch, The Philippines Unprotected: Sex, Condoms and the Human Right to Health, Vol. 16, No. 6 (C) edn, Human Rights Watch, © May 2004, 70 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • ILO Global Programme on HIV/AIDS and the World of Work, HIV/AIDS and Work in a Globalizing World, International Labour Organization, 2005, 116 pp. (Also available at http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/trav/aids/publ/globalizing.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • International Crisis Group, Myanmar: Update on HIV/AIDS Policy, Asia Briefing N°34, International Crisis Group, Yangon/Brussels, 16 December 2004, 16 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Israel, Ellen, Carlos Laudari and Cecilia Simonetti, HIV Prevention Among Vulnerable Populations: The Pathfinder International Approach, Pathfinder International Technical Guidance Series Number 6, Pathfinder International, June 2008, 45 pp. (Also available at http://www.pathfind.org/site/DocServer/VG_TGS_final_for_web.pdf?docID=12181) [ Details... ]
  • Jenkins, Carol, Female Sex Worker HIV Prevention Projects: Lessons Learnt from Papua New Guinea, India and Bangladesh, UNAIDS, Geneva, November 2000, 130 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Jenkins, Carol, A Situational Assessment of HIV/AIDS in the Maldives for the Year 2000, Conducted for the Department of Public Health and the UN Theme Group, The Republic of Maldives, UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS, June 2000, 34 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Jenkins, Carol, CPU - Cambodian Prostitutes' Union, WNU - Women's Network for Unity and Candice Sainsbury, Violence and Exposure to HIV among Sex Workers in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, USAID - United States Agency for International Development; Policy Project, Washington, DC, March 2006, 59 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Kambou, Sarah, Jessica Ogden, Linda Sussman and Hema Swaminathan, Women and HIV in the Asia-Pacific Region: A Development Practitioner's Guide, UNDP Regional Centre in Colombo, Colombo, December 2008, 182 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Kanchanachitra, C., Reducing Girls' Vulnerability to HIV/AIDS: The Thai Approach, UNAIDS Best Practice Collection Case Study, UNAIDS/99.34E, UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, Geneva, June 1999. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Khan, Ayesha and Pamela Pine, Adolescent Reproductive Health in Pakistan: Status, Policies, Programs, and Issues, POLICY Project, March 2003, 55 pp. (Also available at http://www.policyproject.com/pubs/countryreports/ARH_Pakistan.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Kwarteng, Tamara, Rob Moodie, Mike Toole and Wendy Holmes (editors), Community Action on HIV: A Resource Manual for Prevention, Care and Support (Second edition), The Centre for International Health, Macfarlane Burnet Institute for Medical Research and Public Health in collaboration with the Australian Council for International Development, Melbourne, 2005, 350 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • MAP - Monitoring the AIDS Pandemic Network, AIDS in Asia: Face the Facts, MAP Report, MAP - Monitoring the AIDS Pandemic, 2004, 134 pp. (Also available at http://www.mapnetwork.org/docs/MAP_AIDSinAsia2004.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • MAP - Monitoring the AIDS Pandemic Network, Male-Male Sex and HIV/AIDS in Asia, MAP - Monitoring the AIDS Pandemic, 2005, 24 pp. (Also available at http://www.mapnetwork.org/docs/MAP_&M%20Book_04July05_en.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • MAP - Monitoring the AIDS Pandemic Network, Sex Work and HIV/AIDS in Asia, MAP - Monitoring the AIDS Pandemic, 2005, 32 pp. (Also available at http://www.mapnetwork.org/docs/MAP_SW%20in%20Asia%20Final%2004July05_en.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • MAP - Monitoring the AIDS Pandemic Network, Drug Injection and HIV/AIDS in Asia, MAP - Monitoring the AIDS Pandemic, 2005, 24 pp. (Also available at http://www.mapnetwork.org/docs/MAP_IDU%20Book%2024Jun05_en.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Maru, Vivek, Ravaging the Vulnerable: Abuses Against Persons of High Risk of HIV Infection in Bangladesh, Vol. 15, No. 6(C), Human Rights Watch, New York, August 2003, 53 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Ministry of Health, Guojia Youguan Buweiju (Tuanti) Yufang Kongzhi Aizibing Xingbing Gongzuo Zhize ( HIV Related Responsibilities of Government Department/Agencies), Ministry of Health, Government of China, 2000. (Also available at http://www.chinaids.org.cn/zhq/ShowContent.asp?lm=031&sn=76) [ Details... ]
  • Ministry of Health, Zhongguo Ezhi yu Fangzhi Aizibing Xingdong Jihua (China HIV/AIDS Containment, Prevention and Control Action Plan (2001-2005)), In collaboration with 30 other government ministries and committees, Issued and distributed by the State Council of the People's Repubic of China, 2001. (Also available at http://www.chinaids.org.cn/zhq/ShowContent.asp?lm=031&sn=358) [ Details... ]
  • Ministry of Health, China HIV/AIDS Containment, Prevention and Control Action Plan (2001-2005), (English translation), Issued and distributed by the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 2001. (Also available at http://www.unchina.org/unaids/ekey16.html) [ Details... ]
  • Ministry of Health, HIV/AIDS Action Plan: Sexual and Reproductive Health Strategy, Ministry of Health, Government of New Zealand, Wellington, 2003, 54 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Ministry of Health, National Strategy on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control in Vietnam Till 2010 with a vision to 2020 (incomplete), Promulgated together with the Prime Minister's Decision No. 36/2004/QD-TTg of March 17, 2004, The Government, Socialist Republic of Vietnam, Hanoi, 2004, 39 pp. (Also available at http://www.unaids.org.vn/local/gov/36-2004-qd-ttg.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Ministry of Health, Government, Guanyu Jiaqiang Yufang he Kongzhi Aizibing Gongzuo de Yijian (Recommendations on Reinforcement of HIV Prevention and Control), Ministry of Health, Government of China, 1995. (Also available at http://www.chinaids.org.cn/zhq/ShowContent.asp?lm=031&sn=663) [ Details... ]
  • Ministry of Health, Government of China, Xingbing Guanli Banfa (Administration Measures of Sexually Transited Diseases), Ministry of Health, Government of China, 1991. (Also available at http://www.chinaids.org.cn/zhq/ShowContent.asp?lm=031&sn=125) [ Details... ]
  • Ministry of Health, Government of China, Guanyu zai Geji Jibing Yufang Kongzhi Zhongxin (Weisheng Fangyizhan) Jianli Gaowei Renquan Ganyu Gongzuodui de Tongzhi (Circular on Establishing Intervention Task Force for HIV High Risk Population in Centres for Disease Control or Epidemic Prevention Centres at All Levels of Government), Ministry of Health, Government of China, 2004. (Also available at http://www.moh.gov.cn/public open.aspx?n_id=8581&seq=%E6%8C%89%E7%B1%BB%E7%B4%A2%E5%BC%95) [ Details... ]
  • Ministry of Health, National Planning Commission, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Science and Technology, Ministry of Public Security, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Finance, State Administration of Radio, Film and Television, Zhongguo Yufang yu Kongzhi Aizibing Zhongchangqi Guihua Shishi Zhidao Yijian (Implementation Guidelines of the Mid-Long Term Plan of HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control in China ), Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of China, 2001. (Also available at http://www.chinaids.org.cn/zhq/ShowContent.asp?lm=031&sn=71) [ Details... ]
  • Ministry of Public Health, Thailand and the World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia, External Review of the Health Sector Response to HIV/AIDS in Thailand, World Health Organization Regional Office for South-East Asia & Ministry of Public Health, Government of Thailand, New Delhi, 7-19 August, 2005, 68 pp. (Also available at http://searo.who.int/LinkFiles/News_and_Events_ThailandProgrammeReviewNEW.pdf) [ Details... ]
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