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Men who have sex with men

Gallery

Alternative Names
  • Gay men
  • Homosexually active men
  • Key populations at higher risk
  • MSM
Summary

Note: Topic descriptions are intended to be a search aid rather than an authoritative or complete definition.

Details

This term is used to describe men who have sexual relations with other men, regardless of whether they identify themselves as homosexual, bisexual or heterosexual. This topic encompasses policy and related published sources referring to HIV prevention and the sexual behaviour and health of MSM, as well as broader programs (for instance, national plans) with more specific MSM-directed components.

Prepared by: Bruce A. Smith

Related Entries

Related NGOs or Civil Society Organisations

Related Topics

Published Resources

Journals

Journal Articles

Reports

  • The National AIDS Campaign 1986 to 1992: An Overview, Submission by AIDS/Communicable Diseases Branch for the Evaluation Panel Review of National HIV/AIDS programs, Commonwealth Department of Health, Housing and Community Services, Canberra, November 1992, 50 pp. [ Details... ]
  • Mate Ketoketo/Arai Kore: A report about HIV/AIDS and Māori, Te Puni Kōkiri (Ministry of Māori Development), Wellington, 1994, 43 pp. [ Details... ]
  • Partnerships in Practice: National HIV/AIDS Strategy 1996-97 to 1998-99, A strategy framed in the context of sexual health and related communicable diseases, Australian Government Publication Service, Canberra, December 1996, 87 pp. (Also available at http://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/Content pip.pdfhttp://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/Contenthttp://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf) [ Details... ]
  • National Policy on HIV/AIDS and STD Related Issues, Director General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, November 1996, 92 pp. (Also available at http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/trav/aids/laws bangladeshnationalpolicy.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • An Integrated Approach to Infectious Disease: Priorities for Action 2002-2006, Ministry of Health, Wellington, November 2001, 84 pp. (Also available at http://www.moh.govt.nz) [ Details... ]
  • HIV Prevention and Care in Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) - Principles of Strategy, HIV Prevention in Hong Kong Strategy Series, AIDS Prevention and Care Committee, Hong Kong Advisory Council on AIDS, Hong Kong, September 2001, 9 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Working With Men for HIV Prevention and Care, UNAIDS Best Practice Collection, UNAIDS/01.64 E, UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, Geneva, October 2001, 43 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • UN System Strategic Plan for HIV/AIDS 2001-2005, UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, 2001, 74 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • National Strategic Plan for Prevention and Control of HIV/AIDS in Sri Lanka, 2002-2006, Ministry of Health, Government of Sri Lanka, 2002, 47 pp. (Also available at http://www.unaids.org/) [ Details... ]
  • National Estimates of Adult HIV Infection, Indonesia 2002, Workshop Report, Ministry of Health (Indonesia), Jakarta, 2003, 54 pp. (Also available at http://www.fhi.org/en/HIVAIDS/pub/survreports/indonesia2002.htm) [ Details... ]
  • The HIV/AIDS/STD Situation and the National Response in Nepal, UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS; National Center for AIDS and STD Control, Kathmandu, January 2003, 11 pp. (Also available at http://www.synergyaids.com/documents/NepalHIVResponse03.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • National HIV/AIDS Strategic Plan 2004-2006, Ministry of Health, Government of Fiji, 2003, 123 pp. [ Details... ]
  • Myanmar National Strategic Plan on HIV and AIDS: Operational Plan April 2006 - March 2009, 23 September 2006, 22 pp. (Also available at http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs4 mm_national_strategic_plan_operational_plan.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Myanmar National Strategic Plan on HIV and AIDS 2006-2010, Draft, 28 June 2006, Government of Myanmar, 2006, 97 pp. (Also available at http://him.civiblog.org/_attachments/2686915 mm%20national%20strategic%20plan.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • "The Delhi Declaration of Collaboration" 26th September 2006, September 2006, 4 pp. (Also available at http://data.unaids.org/pub/NotesForTheRecord/2006 20060927-delhi_declaration_en.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Punitive Laws, Human Rights and HIV Prevention among Men who have Sex with Men in Asia Pacific: High Level Dialogue Report, Regional HIV & Development Programme for Asia & the Pacific, UNDP Asia Pacific Regional Centre, Bangkok, May 2010, 52 pp. (Also available at http://regionalcentrebangkok.undp.or.th/practices/hivaids/documents HLDreportonMSMandHIV-May17HK.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Zhonghu Renmin Gongheguo Aizibing Yufang he Kongzhi Zhongqi Guihua 1990-1992 (People's Republic of China: Mid Term Plan of HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control (1990-1992)), n/d. (Also available at http://www.chinaids.org.cn/zhq/ShowContent.asp?lm=031&sn=661) [ Details... ]
  • A2 Technical Working Group, The HIV Epidemic in Ho Chi Minh City: Where is it Going?, Vietnamese and English translation., PEPFAR - The U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, n/d, 36 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Advisory Council on AIDS Hong Kong, Strategies for AIDS Prevention, Care and Control in Hong Kong, Advisory Council on AIDS Hong Kong, 1994, 85 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Advisory Council on AIDS Hong Kong, AIDS Strategies for Hong Kong 1999-2001, The Hong Kong Advisory Council on AIDS, 1999, 21 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • AFAO, Negotiated Safety, Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations, July 1997, 6 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • AFAO, Developments in Gay Education, Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations, April 1997, 4 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • AFAO - Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations, Response to National Drug Strategy Consultation Paper, AFAO, March 2010, 14 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Agardh, Anette, Bertil Egerö, Niklas Eriksson, Mikael Hammarskjöld, Jeffrey V. Lazarus, Jerker Liljestrand and Ditte Mårtensson, Men matter! AIDS, Gender and Masculinities, Standing Up For HIV Prevention, Art. no.: SIDAxxxxxen, Sida - Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, May 2007, 38 pp. (Also available at http://www.aidsportal.org/repos SIDA_Report_Men_Matter_Aids_Gender_and_Masculinity1.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Aggleton, Peter; Elaine Chase; Kim Rivers; Paul Tyrer, Innovative Approaches to HIV Prevention: Selected Case Studies, UNAIDS - Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, Geneva, October 2000, 55 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • AIDS/STD Section, Disease Control Division, Department of Public Health, Ministry of Health, Malaysia, Plan of Action for the Prevention and Control of HIV Infection, Ministry of Health, Malaysia, 1998, 137 pp. [ Details... ]
  • amFAR - The Foundation for AIDS Research and MSMGF - The Global Forum on MSM and HIV, Lessons From the Front Lines: Effective Community-Led Responses to HIV and AIDS Among MSM and Transgender Populations, amFAR and MSMGF, Washington DC, July 2010, 28 pp. (Also available at http://www.amfar.org/uploadedFiles/In_the_Community/Publications Lessons%20from%20the%20Front%20Lines.pdf?n=3815) [ Details... ]
  • ANCARD - Australian National Council on AIDS & Related Diseases, The National Indigenous Australians' Sexual Health Strategy 1996-97 to 1998-99, A Report of the ANCARD Working Party on Indigenous Australians' Sexual Health, Looking Glass Press for Publications and Design (Public Affairs) Commonwealth Department of Health and Family Services, Canberra, 1997, 122 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Australasian Chapter of Sexual Health Medicine, Clinical Guidelines for the Management of Sexually Transmissible Infections Among Priority Populations, The Royal Australasian College of Physicians, Australasian Chapter of Sexual Health Medicine, Sydney, 2004. (Also available at http://www.acshp.org.au/sexual_health/guidelines sti_guidelines_priority_populations.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Ayala, George, Jack Beck, Mohan Sundararaj, Krista Lauer and Rhon Reynolds, Social Discrimination Against Men Who Have Sex With Men: Implications for HIV Policy and Programs, MSMGF - The Global Forum on MSM and HIV, Oakland, May 2010, 14 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Ayala, George, Krista Lauer, Mohan Sundararaj and Pato Hebert, Reaching Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) in the Global HIV & AIDS Epidemic: A Policy Brief, MSMGF - The Global Forum on MSM and HIV, Oakland, February 2010, 6 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Bangladesh AIDS and Prevention Control Programme, Strategic Plan of The National AIDS Programme of Bangladesh 1997-2002, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, July 2000, 44 pp. (Also available at http://hivaidsclearinghouse.unesco.org ev.php?URL_ID=1653&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201&reload=1097143865) [ Details... ]
  • Boyce, Paul and Sunil Pant, Rapid Ethnography of Male to Male Sexuality and Sexual Health, Family Health International, Kathmandu, December 2001, 35 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Brandes - van Dorresteijn, Diana, Developing a Comprehensive Package of Services to Reduce HIV among Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) and Transgender (TG) Populations in Asia and the Pacific, Regional Consensus Meeting 29 June - 1 July 2009 Bangkok, Thailand, Regional HIV & Development Programme for Asia & the Pacific, Colombo, 2009, 59 pp. (Also available at http://msmasia.org/tl_files/resources/09-06 Regional_Consensus_Meeting_Report.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Center for Disease Control, Ying Jieshou Renlei Mianyi Quefa Bingduzhe zhi Fanwei (People to be tested for HIV), Issued by Department of Health, Center for Disease Control, Taiwan, ROC, 2004. [ Details... ]
  • Chakrapani, Venkatesan Peter A Newman, Murali Shanmugam and Sandy Michael, Barriers to Free Antiretroviral Treatment Access for Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) and Transgender Women in Chennai, India, INP+ - Indian Network for People Living with HIV, Chennai, November 2008, 26 pp. (Also available at http://www.inpplus.net/images DL_Research_2_Report_ART_MSM_Aravanis_Nov_08_VC_UD.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Chakrapani, Venkatesan, Murali Shanmugam, Sandy Michael, Jaikumar Velayudham and Peter A Newman, HIV Testing Barriers and Facilitators among Populations at-risk in Chennai, India, INP+ - Indian Network for People Living with HIV, Chennai, June 2008, 34 pp. (Also available at http://www.inpplus.net/images/DL_APCASO%20Research%20Report-Jun2008.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Chakrapani, Venkatesan, Peter A Newman and Robert Dubrow, Policy Brief: Barriers to Free Antiretroviral Treatment Access for Marginalized Groups in India: Policy and Programmatic Implications to Ensure Equity, INP+ - Indian Network for People Living with HIV, Chennai, 30 November 2008, 16 pp. (Also available at http://www.inpplus.net/images DL_Research_1_Policy_Brief_ART_Equity_Nov30_08_VC.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • China Ministry of Health & UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS in China, China Responds to AIDS: HIV/AIDS Situation & Needs Assessment Report, November 1997. (Also available at http://www.unchina.org/unaids/ekey1.html) [ Details... ]
  • Commission on AIDS in Asia, Redefining AIDS in Asia: Crafting an Effective Response - Report of the Commission on AIDS in Asia, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 26 March 2008, 258 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Committee on Education & Publicity on AIDS, Hong Kong, Recommended Strategy for HIV Prevention in MSM in Hong Kong, Committee on Education & Publicity on AIDS, September 1998, 3 pp. (Also available at http://www.info.gov.hk/aids/pdf/g66.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care, Changes and Challenges: National HIV/AIDS Strategy 1999-2000 to 2003-2004, Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2000, 59 pp. (Also available at http://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/Content hivstrat_4.pdfhttp://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/Contenthttp://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf) [ Details... ]
  • Constantine, Janine, Turning the Tide: An OPEN Strategy for a Response to AIDS in the Pacific, Report of the Commission on AIDS in the Pacific – Suva, Fiji : UNAIDS Pacific Region, 2009 - Presented to Mr Ban Ki-moon, UN Secretary General, on 2 December 2009 in New York, UNAIDS Pacific Region, Fiji, Bangkok, December 2009, 150 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • de Lind van Wijngaarden, Jan W, The HIV/AIDS Situation in the Republic of the Maldives in 2006, August 2006, 51 pp. (Also available at http://aidsallianceindia.net/Material_Upload/document THE%20HIV-AIDS%20SITUATION.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Department of Health and Ageing, National Sexually Transmissible Infections Strategy 2005-2008, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2005, 48 pp. (Also available at http://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/Content sti_strategy.pdfhttp://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/Contenthttp://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf) [ Details... ]
  • Dowsett, Gary; Jeffrey Grierson and Stephen McNally, A Review of Knowledge About the Sexual Networks and Behaviours of Men Who Have Sex With Men in Asia, ARCSHS - Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society, Melbourne, May 2006, 92 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • EAP - The Essential Advocacy Project, The Power to Change - A Training Manual: Building Advocacy Capacity for India's HIV/AIDS Response, Training Resources, EAP, New Delhi, August 2007, 341 pp. (Also available at http://www.constellagroup.com/international-development/resources power-to-change.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Feachem, Richard G. A., Valuing the Past...Investing in the Future: Evaluation of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy 1993-94 to 1995-96, 2nd edn, Looking Glass Press for Publications and Design (Public Affairs), Commonwealth Dept. of Human Services and Health, Downer, ACT, November 1995, 232 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • FHI - Family Health International, Young People Most at Risk of HIV, FHI, Research Triangle Park, 100 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • FHI - Family Health International, What Drives HIV in Asia?: A Summary of Trends in Sexual and Drug-Taking Behaviours, FHI, 2001, 61 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Fogarty, Andrea; Patrick Rawstorne; Garrett Prestage; Jeffrey Grierson; Andrew Grulich; Susan Kippax; Heather Worth; Dean Murphy., Positive Health: Then and Now...Following HIV-Positive People's Lives Over Time, National Centre in HIV Social Research, Sydney, 2003, 69 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • FPAN - Family Planning Association of Nepal, HIV/AIDS Strategy 2002-2006, FPAN, n/d, 20 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Gable, Lance, Katharina Gamharter, Lawrence O. Gostin, James G. Hodge, Jr. And Rudolf V. Van Puymbroeck, Legal Aspects of HIV/AIDS: A Guide for Policy and Law Reform, The World Bank, Washington, DC, 2007, 250 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • GNP+ - The Global Network of People Living with HIV, The Global Criminalisation Scan Report 2010: Documenting Trends, Presenting Evidence, GNP+, Amsterdam, July 2010, 48 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Godwin, John, Enabling Legal Environments for Effective HIV Responses: A Leadership Challenge for the Commonwealth, International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Hove, November 2010, 64 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Godwin, John, Legal Environments, Human Rights and HIV Responses among Men who have Sex with Men and Transgender People in Asia and the Pacific: An Agenda for Action, UNDP - United Nations Development Programme, Bangkok, July 2010, 150 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Government of Nepal, Nepal's National HIV/AIDS Strategy 2002-2006, Government of Nepal, 2002. (Also available at http://www.unaids.org/html/pub/topics/nsp-library/nsp-asia nsp_nepal_2002-2006_en_doc.htm) [ Details... ]
  • Hawkes, Sarah and K.G. Santhya, Diverse Realities: Understanding Sexually Transmitted Infections and HIV in India, South and East Asia Regional Working Paper Series, The Population Council, New Delhi, 2001, 77 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • HIV/AIDS & STI Section, PHP, Secretariat of the Pacific Community, The Pacific Regional Strategy on HIV/AIDS 2004-2008 (Final Working Draft), (Final Working Draft), SPC - Secretariat of the Pacific Community, 5th July 2004, 32 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Hong Kong Advisory Council on AIDS, Annual Report of Hong Kong Advisory Council on AIDS (August 2003-July 2004), Hong Kong Advisory Council on AIDS, 2005, 46 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Human Rights Watch, The Philippines Unprotected: Sex, Condoms and the Human Right to Health, Vol. 16, No. 6 (C) edn, Human Rights Watch, © May 2004, 70 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • ICRW - International Center for Research on Women and Pact Cambodia, Understanding and Challenging HIV Stigma: Toolkit for Action, Adapted Version for Use in Cambodia, ICRW and Pact Cambodia, Phnom Penh, n/d, 496 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Working with Men, Responding to AIDS: Gender, Sexuality and HIV - A Case Study Collection, International HIV/AIDS Alliance, 2003, 68 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Jenkins, Carol, A Situational Assessment of HIV/AIDS in the Maldives for the Year 2000, Conducted for the Department of Public Health and the UN Theme Group, The Republic of Maldives, UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS, June 2000, 34 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Khan, Shivananda; Aditya Bondyopadhyay, From the Front Line, The impact of social, legal and judicial impediments to sexual health promotion, and HIV and AIDS related care and support for males who have sex with males in Bangladesh and India: a study report, Naz Foundation, Naz Foundation, 2005-6, 57 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • KHANA - Khmer HIV/AIDS NGO Alliance, Out of the Shadows: Male to Male Sexual Behaviour in Cambodia, KHANA - Khmer HIV/AIDS NGO Alliance, 2003, 65 pp. (Also available at http://synkronweb.aidsalliance.org/graphics/secretariat/publications ots0703_out_of_the_shadows.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Kinder, Paul and David Lowe, National Evaluation Framework for HIV/AIDS Health Promotion for Gay Men and Other Homosexually Active Men, Don Nutbeam, Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care, 1999, 117 pp. (Also available at http://www.ancahrd.org/pubs/pdfs/nat_eval.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Lowe, David, Scoping Exercise: Options for AusAID Support for Comprehensive Approaches to Address HIV Infection Among Men Who Have Sex With Men in the Asia Pacific Region, Australian Agency for International Development Health Resource Facility, Turner, June 2009, 88 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • MAP - Monitoring the AIDS Pandemic Network, AIDS in Asia: Face the Facts, MAP Report, MAP - Monitoring the AIDS Pandemic, 2004, 134 pp. (Also available at http://www.mapnetwork.org/docs/MAP_AIDSinAsia2004.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • MAP - Monitoring the AIDS Pandemic Network, Male-Male Sex and HIV/AIDS in Asia, MAP - Monitoring the AIDS Pandemic, 2005, 24 pp. (Also available at http://www.mapnetwork.org/docs/MAP_&M%20Book_04July05_en.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Martin, Paul, Economic Efficiency of HIV/AIDS Education Programs for Gay Men: A Discussion Paper, AFAO Education Working Group, Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations, August 1996, 4 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Maru, Vivek, Ravaging the Vulnerable: Abuses Against Persons of High Risk of HIV Infection in Bangladesh, Vol. 15, No. 6(C), Human Rights Watch, New York, August 2003, 53 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • McCallum, Lou, Scott Berry, and Andy Quan, Ensuring Universal Access to Comprehensive HIV Services for MSM in Asia and the Pacific: Determining Operations Research Priorities to Improve HIV Prevention, Treatment, Care, and Support Among Men Who Have Sex With Men, amfAR - The Foundation for AIDS Research, New York, August 2009, 32 pp. (Also available at http://www.amfar.org/uploadedFiles/In_the_Community/Publications Universal%20Access%20for%20MSM%20low%20res.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • McNally, Stephen, Prevention and Treatment: You Can't Have One Without the Other, ASAP - AIDS Society of Asia and the Pacific, 2004. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Ministry of Health, HIV/AIDS Action Plan: Sexual and Reproductive Health Strategy, Ministry of Health, Government of New Zealand, Wellington, 2003, 54 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Ministry of Health, Government of China, Guanyu zai Geji Jibing Yufang Kongzhi Zhongxin (Weisheng Fangyizhan) Jianli Gaowei Renquan Ganyu Gongzuodui de Tongzhi (Circular on Establishing Intervention Task Force for HIV High Risk Population in Centres for Disease Control or Epidemic Prevention Centres at All Levels of Government), Ministry of Health, Government of China, 2004. (Also available at http://www.moh.gov.cn/public open.aspx?n_id=8581&seq=%E6%8C%89%E7%B1%BB%E7%B4%A2%E5%BC%95) [ Details... ]
  • Ministry of Public Health, Thailand and the World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia, External Review of the Health Sector Response to HIV/AIDS in Thailand, World Health Organization Regional Office for South-East Asia & Ministry of Public Health, Government of Thailand, New Delhi, 7-19 August, 2005, 68 pp. (Also available at http://searo.who.int/LinkFiles/News_and_Events_ThailandProgrammeReviewNEW.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • MSMGF - The Global Forum on MSM & HIV, 10 Essential Steps for "Getting to Zero": Principles and Recommendations for Addressing Key Populations at the UN 2011 High Level Meeting on AIDS, Center of Excellence for Transgender Health, Global Action for Trans Equality, International Network of People who Use Drugs and Global Network of Sex Work Projects, MSMGF, 2011, 2 pp. (Also available at http://www.msmgf.org/files/msmgf/Advocacy/Policy_Briefs UN_HLM_Steps_for_Getting_to_Zero.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • NACO - National AIDS Control Organisation, Link Worker Scheme Operational Guidelines, NACO, New Delhi, October 2007, 94 pp. (Also available at http://www.nacoonline.org/upload/IEC%20Resources Link%20Worker%20Scheme%20Operational%20Guidelines.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • NACO - National AIDS Control Organization, National Baseline High Risk and Bridge Population Behavioural Surveillance Survey - Part II (Men who Sex with Men and Injecting Drug Users), NACO - National AIDS Control Organisation, 2002, 74 pp. (Also available at http://www.nacoonline.org/publication/51.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • National AIDS Control Programme, The National HIV/AIDS Strategic Framework, 2001-2006, Ministry of Health, Government of Pakistan; UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, 2001. (Also available at http://www.nacp.com.pk/pdf THE%20NATIONAL%20HIV_AIDS%20STRATEGIC%20FRAMEWORK.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • National Center For AIDS and STD Control, Nepal's National HIV/AIDS Strategy, Final Draft, Ministry of Health, Government of the Kingdom of Nepal, July 19 2002, 48 pp. (Also available at http://hivinsite.ucsf.edu/pdf/countries/nepal2.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Pisani, Elizabeth, Estimating the Size of Populations at Risk for HIV: Issues and Methods, FHI - Family Health International, Arlington, July 2003, 69 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Quality Management Services, Infrastructure Benchmarks for the Design, Implementation and Evaluation of HIV/AIDS Health Promotion Programs for Gay and Homosexually Active Men, ANCAHRD - Australian National Council on AIDS, Hepatitis C and Related Diseases, September 1999, 37 pp. (Also available at http://www.ancahrd.org/pubs/pdfs/benchmarks.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Quan, Andy and Chris Ward, All Of Us Count. Part 1. Building Capacity and Building Community: the involvement of affected communities in responding to HIV/AIDS, The Coalition of Asia Pacific Regional Networks on HIV/AIDS (the Seven Sisters), n/d, 71 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Rao, JVR Prasada, Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) and Transgenders: The Missing Link in the National Response, Speech, September 2006, 4 pp. (Also available at http://data.unaids.org/pub/Speech/2006/20060923_sp_jvrprasadarao_en.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Sadik, Nafis, Strategies, Removing Obstacles and Addressing Challenges - Specific Programming and Scaling Up, Inaugural Statement by Dr. Nafis Sadik Special Advisor to the United Nations Secretary-General and Special Envoy for HIV and AIDS in Asia and the Pacific; 23 Septebember 2006, New Delhi, India, September 2006, 6 pp. (Also available at http://data.unaids.org/pub/Speech/2006/20060923-sp-nafissadik_en.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Settle, Edmund and Mandeep Dhaliwal, Overcoming Legal Barriers to Comprehensive Prevention Among Men Who Have Sex with Men and Transgender People in Asia and the Pacific, 9th International Congress on AIDS in Asia and the Pacific Symposium Report Tuesday, 11 August 2009, Regional HIV & Development Programme for Asia & the Pacific, Colombo, 2009, 32 pp. (Also available at http://msmasia.org/tl_files/2010%20resources/Overocming_Legal_Barriers.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Sexual Health and Rights Program, Open Society Institute, Sex Workers, Transgender People and Men Who Have Sex with Men: Thailand, Open Society Institute - Network Public Health Program, 2006, 74 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Sovannara, Kha and Chris Ward, Men Who Have Sex with Men in Cambodia: HIV/AIDS Vulnerability, Stigma, and Discrimination, POLICY Project, Washington, January 2004, 40 pp. (Also available at http://www.policyproject.com/pubs/countryreports/CAM_MSM.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Stangl, Anne , Dara Carr, Laura Brady, Traci Eckhaus, Mariam Claeson and Laura Nyblade, Tackling HIV-Related Stigma and Discrimination in South Asia, The World Bank, Washington, D.C., 2010, 232 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • The UN Theme Group on HIV in China, HIV/AIDS: China's Titanic Peril 2001: Update of the AIDS Situation and Needs Assessment Report, UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, June 2002, 91 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • The World Bank and Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, 20 Years of HIV in Bangladesh: Experiences and Way Forward, The World Bank, Washington DC, December 2009, 201 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • The World Bank SAR AIDS - South Asia Regional AIDS, Mapping and Situation Assessment of Key Populations at High Risk of HIV in Three Cities of Afghanistan, Discussion Paper Series: Report No. 23, The World Bank, April 2008, 32 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • TREAT Asia, MSM and HIV/AIDS Risk in Asia: What Is Fueling the Epidemic Among MSM and How Can It Be Stopped?, TREAT Asia (amfAR - Foundation for AIDS Research), August 2006, 85 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • UNAIDS, UNAIDS Policy Brief: HIV and Sex Between Men, UNAIDS - Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, August 2006, 4 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • UNAIDS - Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, Men Who Have Sex with Men, HIV Prevention and Care: Report of a UNAIDS Stakeholder Consultation, Geneva, 10-11 November 2005, UNAIDS, Geneva, 10-11 November 2005, 20 pp. (Also available at http://data.unaids.org/pub/Report/2006/JC1233-MSM-MeetingReport_en.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • UNAIDS - Joint United Nations Proramme on HIV/AIDS, Joint Action for Results: UNAIDS Outcome Framework 2009-2011, “UNAIDS/09.13E / JC1713E”., UNAIDS, Geneva, March 2010, 16 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, AIDS and Men who have Sex with Men, UNAIDS Best Practice Collection: Point of view, UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, Geneva, July 1998, 8 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, HIV and Men Who Have Sex With Men in Asia and the Pacific, UNAIDS Best Practice Collection, (UNAIDS/06.25E), UNAIDS, September 2006, 72 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • UNDP - United Nations Development Programme, Analysis of Key Human Rights Programmes in Global Fund-Supported HIV Programmes, UNDP - United Nations Development Programme, New York, December 2010, 90 pp. (Also available at http://zunia.org/uploads/media/knowledge Analysis%20of%20Key%20HRTS%20Programmes%20in%20GF-Supported%20HIV%20Programmes1302164177.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • UNDP - United Nations Development Programme and UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, UNAIDS Action Framework: Universal Access for Men who have Sex with Men and Transgender People, UNAIDS/09.22E / JC1720E, UNAIDS, Geneva, May 2009. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • UNDP India, Missing Pieces: HIV Related Needs of Sexual Minorities in India, National Stakeholder Consultation Report October 24-25, 2008 New Delhi, India, UNDP, 2008, 29 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • UNESCAP - United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Economic and Social Progress in Jeopardy: HIV/AIDS in the Asian and Pacific Region: Integrating Economic and Social Concerns, Especially HIV/AIDS, in Meeting the Needs of the Region, United Nations, New York, August 2003, 156 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • UNESCAP - United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific and AUSAID - The Australian Government's Overseas Aid Program, HIV/AIDS Prevention, Care and Support: Stories from the Community, ST/ESCAP/2249, United Nations, Bangkok, April 2003, 140 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • UNFPA - United Nations Population Fund and FHI - Family Health International/YouthNet, Strengthening Young People's Participation in the RH/HIV Repsonse in Thailand, FHI, 2006, 40 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
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