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Injecting drug use

Gallery

Alternative Names
  • Drug use
  • Harm minimisation
  • harm reduction
  • Illicit drugs
  • Narcotics
  • Needle and syringe programme
  • Opioid substitution therapy
  • People who inject drugs
  • Transmission
  • Use of contaminated injecting equipment
  • Use of non-sterile injecting equipment
Summary

Note: Topic descriptions are intended to be a search aid rather than an authoritative or complete definition.

Details

This topic encompasses policy relating to people who use hypodermic needles to inject drugs, particularly illegal drugs such as narcotics and steroids, for a purpose that deviates from the drug’s intended use. Published documents include references to HIV and other blood-borne disease prevention measures and harm reduction programs both as components of general national HIV or drug strategies and more specific initiatives.

Prepared by: Adam Bowles

Related Entries

Related Inter-Governmental Organisations

Related NGOs or Civil Society Organisations

Related Topics

Published Resources

Books

  • Hunter, Susan, AIDS in Asia, Palgrave Macmillan, 2005, 256 pp. [ Details... ]
  • International Harm Reduction Development Program, Open Society Institute, At What Cost? HIV and Human Rights Consequences of the Global "War on Drugs", Open Society Institute, New York, March 2009, 196 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Narain, Jai P. (ed), AIDS in Asia: The Challenge Ahead, Sage, New Delhi, 2004, 395 pp. [ Details... ]

Conference Papers

  • Crofts, Nick, 'It's Everyone's Problem: HIV/AIDS and Development in Asia and the Pacific - Harm Reduction: Injecting Drug Use', AusAID, 22 November 2000, p. 5. [ PDF File | Details... ]

Conference Proceedings

Edited Books

Journals

  • 'Development Bulletin', Special issue: HIV/AIDS: Implications for Development, no. 52, Development Studies Network, Australian National University, 2000, 77 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]

Journal Articles

  • Lorete, Irene (with courtesy to Dr. Myatt Htoo Razak), 'Cross-Border Drug Use and HIV-Vulnerability in the GMS', HIV/AIDS in the GMS: Bulletin for Preventive Education in the Greater Mekong Subregion, no. 1, 2004, pp. 29-32. [ Details... ]
  • Medhi, Gajendra Kumar, Jagadish Mahanta, Rajatashuvra Adhikary, Brogen S Akoijam, Buno Liegise, Kalpana Sarathy, Chelliah Joshua Thomas and Bhupen Sarmah, 'Spatial Distribution and Characteristics of Injecting Drug Users (IDU) in Five Northeastern States of India', BMC Public Health, vol. 11, no. 64, 2011, p. 11. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Villaneuva, Carmelita L., Bruce Ravesloot and Ngo Thanh Loan, 'HIV/AIDS in the GMS: Bulletin for Preventive Education in the Greater Mekong Subregion', no. 1, HIV/AIDS clearing House UNESCO, Asia and Pacific Regional Bureau for Education, Thailand, 2004, p. 49. (Also available at http://www2.unescobkk.org/elib/publications/hiv_gms_bulletin/HIV_GMS_Vol1.pdf) [ Details... ]

Reports

  • The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961, As amended by the 1972 Protocol Amending the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961, United Nations, 1972, 28 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui Changwu Weiyuanhui Guanyu Jiedu de Jueding (The Decision of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress on the Prohibition Against Narcotic Drugs), Standing Committee, National Congress of China, 1990. (Also available at http://www.law-lib.com/lawhtm/1990/7242.htm) [ Details... ]
  • Crimes (Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances) Act 1990, Act No.97 of 1990 as amended (up to Act No.24 of 2001), Office of Legislative Drafting, Attorney-General's Department, Canberra, Canberra, 1990. (Also available at http://scaleplus.law.gov.au/cgi-bin/download.pl?/scale/data/histact/11/5996/) [ Details... ]
  • The National AIDS Campaign 1986 to 1992: An Overview, Submission by AIDS/Communicable Diseases Branch for the Evaluation Panel Review of National HIV/AIDS programs, Commonwealth Department of Health, Housing and Community Services, Canberra, November 1992, 50 pp. [ Details... ]
  • Report of an external review of the Vietnam National AIDS Control Programme, 20 August-4 September 1993, National AIDS Committee, Hanoi, September 1993, 30 pp. [ Details... ]
  • Mate Ketoketo/Arai Kore: A report about HIV/AIDS and Māori, Te Puni Kōkiri (Ministry of Māori Development), Wellington, 1994, 43 pp. [ Details... ]
  • Qiangzhi Jiedu Banfa (Procedures for Narcotic Drugs Control), State Council of China, 1995. (Also available at http://www.chinaids.org.cn/zhq/ShowContent.asp?lm=031&sn=209) [ Details... ]
  • Partnerships in Practice: National HIV/AIDS Strategy 1996-97 to 1998-99, A strategy framed in the context of sexual health and related communicable diseases, Australian Government Publication Service, Canberra, December 1996, 87 pp. (Also available at http://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/Content pip.pdfhttp://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/Contenthttp://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf) [ Details... ]
  • National Policy on HIV/AIDS and STD Related Issues, Director General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, November 1996, 92 pp. (Also available at http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/trav/aids/laws bangladeshnationalpolicy.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Declaration of the Second HIV/AIDS ASEAN Regional Workshop of Islamic Religious Leaders in Jakarta on 28-31 July 2000, ASEAN - Association of South-East Asian Nations, 31 July 2000. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • UN System Strategic Plan for HIV/AIDS 2001-2005, UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, 2001, 74 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Working With Men for HIV Prevention and Care, UNAIDS Best Practice Collection, UNAIDS/01.64 E, UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, Geneva, October 2001, 43 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • An Integrated Approach to Infectious Disease: Priorities for Action 2002-2006, Ministry of Health, Wellington, November 2001, 84 pp. (Also available at http://www.moh.govt.nz) [ Details... ]
  • HIV Prevention in Drug Users - Principles of Strategy, HIV Prevention in Hong Kong Strategy Series, AIDS Prevention and Care Committee, Hong Kong Advisory Council on AIDS, June 2001, 9 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • National Action Plan on Illicit Drugs 2001 to 2002-03, Endorsed by the Ministerial Council on Drug Strategy, Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care, Canberra, July 2001, 43 pp. (Also available at http://www.nationaldrugstrategy.gov.au/pdf/illicitactionplan.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • National Plan for the Prevention and Alleviation of HIV/AIDS in Thailand 2002-2006, AIDS Division, Department of Communicable Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health, November 2001, 43 pp. (Also available at http://www.un.or.th/unaidsth/Documents/National%20AIDS%20Plan.doc) [ Details... ]
  • National Strategic Plan for Prevention and Control of HIV/AIDS in Sri Lanka, 2002-2006, Ministry of Health, Government of Sri Lanka, 2002, 47 pp. (Also available at http://www.unaids.org/) [ Details... ]
  • The Warsaw Declaration: A Framework for Effective Action on HIV/AIDS and Injecting Drug Use, 2nd International Policy Dialogue on HIV/AIDS, Government of Poland; UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS; Health Canada; The Open Society Institute; CIDA - Canadian International Development Agency, November 2003, 6 pp. (Also available at http://www.soros.org/initiatives/health/focus/ihrd/articles_publications warsaw_declaration-nov-18-03.pdfhttp://www.soros.org/initiatives/health/focus/ihrd/articles_publicationshttp://www.soros.org/initiatives/health/focus/ihrd) [ Details... ]
  • National Estimates of Adult HIV Infection, Indonesia 2002, Workshop Report, Ministry of Health (Indonesia), Jakarta, 2003, 54 pp. (Also available at http://www.fhi.org/en/HIVAIDS/pub/survreports/indonesia2002.htm) [ Details... ]
  • The HIV/AIDS/STD Situation and the National Response in Nepal, UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS; National Center for AIDS and STD Control, Kathmandu, January 2003, 11 pp. (Also available at http://www.synergyaids.com/documents/NepalHIVResponse03.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Policy Brief: Provision of Sterile Injecting Equipment to Reduce HIV Transmission, Evidence for action on HIV/AIDS and injecting drug use, WHO/HIV/2004.03, WHO - World Health Organization, Geneva, 2004, 4 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Policy Brief: Reduction of HIV Transmission in Prisons, Evidence for action on HIV/AIDS and injecting drug use, WHO/HIV/2004.05, WHO - World Health Organization, Geneva, 2004, 4 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Policy Brief: Reduction of HIV Transmission Through Outreach, Evidence for action on HIV/AIDS and injecting drug use, WHO/HIV/2004.02, WHO - World Health Organization, Geneva, 2004, 4 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Policy Brief: Reduction of HIV Transmission Through Drug-Dependence Treatment, Evidence for action on HIV/AIDS and injecting drug use, WHO/HIV/2004.04, WHO - World Health Organization, Geneva, 2004, 4 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Zhonghu Renmin Gongheguo Aizibing Yufang he Kongzhi Zhongqi Guihua 1990-1992 (People's Republic of China: Mid Term Plan of HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control (1990-1992)), n/d. (Also available at http://www.chinaids.org.cn/zhq/ShowContent.asp?lm=031&sn=661) [ Details... ]
  • Kunming Communiqué on Cross-border Collaboration for Drug Demand Reduction and HIV/AIDS Prevention, UNESCAP - United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, n/d. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • ACCORD: ASEAN and China Cooperative Operations in Response to Dangerous Drugs, n/d, 12 pp. (Also available at http://www.aseansec.org/645.htm) [ Details... ]
  • A2 Technical Working Group, The HIV Epidemic in Ho Chi Minh City: Where is it Going?, Vietnamese and English translation., PEPFAR - The U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, n/d, 36 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Aahung, Shazia Mohammad Habib Ahmed Afsar, Guidelines for BCC: Enhancing Content and Strategies for Harm Reduction Service Provision, National AIDS Control Programme (Pakistan) & Futures Group, Karachi, September 2004. (Also available at http://www.futuresgroup.com/Documents/GBCCPakistan.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • ACA Secretariat, LegCo Adjournment Debate on AIDS - ten years on, Advisory Council on AIDS Hong Kong, September 2004, 16 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Aceijas, Carmen; Stimson, Gerry V; Hickman, Matthew; Rhodes, Tim; on behalf of the United Nations Reference Group on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care among IDU in Developing and Transitional Countries, Global Overview of Injecting Drug Use and HIV Infection Among Injecting Drug Users, AIDS. 18 (17): 2295-2303, November 19, 2004., Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour (CRDHB), Department of Primary Care and Social Medicine, Imperial College, London, UK, 2004, 8 pp. (Also available at http://www.aidsonline.com/pt/re/aids pdfhandler.00002030-200411190-00010.pdf;jsessionid= GftJKJb8n8v62ZFc6CRKT8QrD1ZmfpMXl42yvzTtLgMpQn2h8CZ1!-1734750035!-949856144!8091!-1) [ Details... ]
  • Advisory Council on AIDS Hong Kong, Strategies for AIDS Prevention, Care and Control in Hong Kong, Advisory Council on AIDS Hong Kong, 1994, 85 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Advisory Council on AIDS Hong Kong, AIDS Strategies for Hong Kong 1999-2001, The Hong Kong Advisory Council on AIDS, 1999, 21 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • AFAO - Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations, Peer Education and Needle & Syringe Provision: An AFAO Discussion Paper, Dave Burrows, May 1996, 5 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • AFAO - Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations, Response to National Drug Strategy Consultation Paper, AFAO, March 2010, 14 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • AFAO - Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations Inc., Review of Vietnam’s Ordinance on the Prevention and Control of HIV/AIDS: Expert Input Submission, AFAO, Sydney, August 2003, 12 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • AFAO - Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations Inc., A Critical Time for Harm Reduction: The Need to Revitalise Harm Reduction in the Context of New National HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis C and Drugs Stragegies - An AFAO Discussion Paper, AFAO, October 2004, 5 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Agardh, Anette, Bertil Egerö, Niklas Eriksson, Mikael Hammarskjöld, Jeffrey V. Lazarus, Jerker Liljestrand and Ditte Mårtensson, Men matter! AIDS, Gender and Masculinities, Standing Up For HIV Prevention, Art. no.: SIDAxxxxxen, Sida - Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, May 2007, 38 pp. (Also available at http://www.aidsportal.org/repos SIDA_Report_Men_Matter_Aids_Gender_and_Masculinity1.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Aggleton, Peter; Elaine Chase; Kim Rivers; Paul Tyrer, Innovative Approaches to HIV Prevention: Selected Case Studies, UNAIDS - Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, Geneva, October 2000, 55 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • AHRN - Asian Harm Reduction Network, Scaling Up Provision of Anti-retrovirals to Injecting Drug Users and Non-injecting drug users in Asia, World Health Organization "3 x 5" initiative, AHRN, IHRA, WHO, Chiang Mai, 2004, 37 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • AHRN - Asian Harm Reduction Network, Evidence-Based HIV/AIDS Prevention, AHRN, Chiangmai, 2005, 4 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • AHRN - Asian Harm Reduction Network, Scaling Up Anti-Retroviral Treatment to (Injecting) Drug Users in Asia, AHRN, Chiangmai, 2005, 4 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • AIDS/STD Section, Disease Control Division, Department of Public Health, Malaysia, National Strategic Plan: Prevention and Control of HIV Infection, Malaysia, Ministry of Health, Malaysia, 30 June 1998, 26 pp. [ Details... ]
  • AIDS/STD Section, Disease Control Division, Department of Public Health, Ministry of Health, Malaysia, Plan of Action for the Prevention and Control of HIV Infection, Ministry of Health, Malaysia, 1998, 137 pp. [ Details... ]
  • Alex Wodak, Alex and Annie Cooney, Effectiveness of Sterile Needle and Syringe Programming in Reducing HIV/AIDS Among Injecting Drug Users, Evidence for Action Technical Papers, (NLM classification: WC 503.6), WHO - World Health Organization, Geneva, 2004. (Also available at http://www.who.int/hiv/pub/prev_care/effectivenesssterileneedle.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • AMAL Human Development Network, The First Asia/Pacific Women, Girls & HIV/AIDS Best Practices Conference, November 29-December 01, 2004,, AMAL Human Development Network, Islamabad, December 2004. [ Details... ]
  • Ambekar, Atul and B. M. Tripathi, Size Estimation of Injecting Drug Use in Punjab and Haryana, UNAIDS - Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, New Delhi, January 2008, 44 pp. (Also available at http://www.unaids.org.in/new Publications_InjectingDrugUseOnTheRiseInPunjabHaryana.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • ANCARD - Australian National Council on AIDS & Related Diseases, The National Indigenous Australians' Sexual Health Strategy 1996-97 to 1998-99, A Report of the ANCARD Working Party on Indigenous Australians' Sexual Health, Looking Glass Press for Publications and Design (Public Affairs) Commonwealth Department of Health and Family Services, Canberra, 1997, 122 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • ANCARD - Australian National Council on AIDS and Related Diseases, Status Report on Implementation of the Final Report Recommendations of the Legal Working Party, The Council, Canberra, June 1999, 69 pp. (Also available at http://www.ancahrd.org/pubs/pdfs/statrepfinal.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • ASEAN - Association of South-East Asian Nations, ASEAN Work Programme on HIV/AIDS II (2002-2005), To support the implementation of the 7th ASEAN Summit Declaration on HIV/AIDS adopted by the 7th ASEAN Summit on 5th November 2001 in Brunei Darussalam, ASEAN Secretariat, Jakarta, 5 November 2001, 129 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • ASHM - Australasian Society for HIV Medicine, Submission to the House of Representatives Standing Committee on Family and Human Services Inquiry into the Impact of Illicit Drug Use on Families, 2007, 14 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • ASHM - Australasian Society for HIV Medicine Inc, ASHM Position Paper on Post Exposure Prophylaxis(PEP) in Individuals Exposed to HIV VIA Sexual Exposure or Injecting Drug Use(IDU), April 1998, 4 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • AusAID - Australian Agency for International Development, Asia Regional HIV/AIDS Project: Project Design Document, AusAID, Canberra, October 2001, 101 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • AusAID - Australian Agency for International Development, Meeting the Challenge: Australia's International HIV/AIDS Strategy, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, July 2004, 33 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Australasian Chapter of Sexual Health Medicine, Clinical Guidelines for the Management of Sexually Transmissible Infections Among Priority Populations, The Royal Australasian College of Physicians, Australasian Chapter of Sexual Health Medicine, Sydney, 2004. (Also available at http://www.acshp.org.au/sexual_health/guidelines sti_guidelines_priority_populations.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Australian Government, Department of Health and Ageing, Australian Government Response to the 2002 Reviews of the National HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis C Strategies and Strategic Research, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2003, 72 pp. (Also available at http://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/Content hivhepc_response.pdfhttp://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/Contenthttp://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf) [ Details... ]
  • Bangladesh AIDS and Prevention Control Programme, Strategic Plan of The National AIDS Programme of Bangladesh 1997-2002, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, July 2000, 44 pp. (Also available at http://hivaidsclearinghouse.unesco.org ev.php?URL_ID=1653&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201&reload=1097143865) [ Details... ]
  • Barrett, Damon, Catherine Cook, Rick Lines, Gerry Stimson and Jamie Bridge, Harm Reduction and Human Rights: The Global Response to Drug-Related HIV Epidemics, IHRA - International Harm Reduction Association, London, 2009, 26 pp. (Also available at http://www.ihra.net/Assets/1407/1/GlobalResponseDrugRelatedHIV.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Barrett, Damon, Rick Lines, Rebecca Schleifer, Richard Elliott and Dave Bewley-Taylor, Recalibrating the Regime: The Need for a Human-Rights Based Approach to International Drug Policy, Report Thirteen, Beckley Foundation Drug Policy Programme; International Harm Reduction Association, March 2008, 52 pp. (Also available at http://www.hrw.org/legacy/pub/2008/hivaids/beckley0308.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Bezziccheri, Sonia and Wayne Bazant, Drugs and HIV in South East Asia: A Review of Critical Geographic Areas of HIV/AIDS Infection among Injecting Drug Users and of National Programme Responses in Cambodia, China, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand and Viet Nam, UNODC - United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Regional Centre for East Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok, February 2004, 65 pp. (Also available at http://www.unodc.un.or.th/drugsandhiv/publications/HIV_AIDS.PDF) [ Details... ]
  • Borowitz, Michael, Elizabeth Wiley, Fadia Saadah and Enis Baris, Responding to HIV/AIDS in the East Asia and Pacific Region: A Strategy Note for the World Bank, Health, Nutrition and Population (HNP) Discussion Paper, The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank, Washington, December 2003, 82 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Broughton, Bernard, Guide to HIV/AIDS and Development, AusAID - Australian Agency for International Development, Canberra, October 1999, 79 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Burrows, Dave, Peer Education Among Injecting Drug Users, Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations, n/d, 18 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Burrows, Dave, Employment of Current Injecting Drug Users as Peer Educators, Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations, n/d, 4 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Burrows, Dave, Samiran Panda, Nick Crofts, HIV/AIDS Prevention Among Injecting Drug Users in Kathmandu Valley, The Centre for Harm Reduction, Fairfield, VIC, Australia, January 2001, 63 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Center for Disease Control, Ying Jieshou Renlei Mianyi Quefa Bingduzhe zhi Fanwei (People to be tested for HIV), Issued by Department of Health, Center for Disease Control, Taiwan, ROC, 2004. [ Details... ]
  • Chakrapani, Venkatesan, Jaikumar Velayudham, Sandy Michael and Murali Shanmugam, Barriers to Free Antiretroviral Treatment Access for Injecting Drug Users in Chennai, India, INP+ - Indian Network for People Living with HIV, Chennai, November 2008, 31 pp. (Also available at http://www.inpplus.net/images DL_Research_4_Report_Barriers_IDU_ART_Nov_08_VC_UD.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Chakrapani, Venkatesan, Murali Shanmugam, Sandy Michael, Jaikumar Velayudham and Peter A Newman, HIV Testing Barriers and Facilitators among Populations at-risk in Chennai, India, INP+ - Indian Network for People Living with HIV, Chennai, June 2008, 34 pp. (Also available at http://www.inpplus.net/images/DL_APCASO%20Research%20Report-Jun2008.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Chakrapani, Venkatesan, Peter A Newman and Robert Dubrow, Policy Brief: Barriers to Free Antiretroviral Treatment Access for Marginalized Groups in India: Policy and Programmatic Implications to Ensure Equity, INP+ - Indian Network for People Living with HIV, Chennai, 30 November 2008, 16 pp. (Also available at http://www.inpplus.net/images DL_Research_1_Policy_Brief_ART_Equity_Nov30_08_VC.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Chatavanich, Supang, Mobility and HIV/AIDS in the Greater Mekong Subregion, Allan Beesey and Shakti Paul (Asian Research Center for Migration, Chulalongkorn University), Asian Development Bank, 2000, 145 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • China Ministry of Health & UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS in China, China Responds to AIDS: HIV/AIDS Situation & Needs Assessment Report, November 1997. (Also available at http://www.unchina.org/unaids/ekey1.html) [ Details... ]
  • Cohen, Jonathan, Not Enough Graves: The War on Drugs, HIV/AIDS, and Violations of Human Rights, June 2004, Vol. 16, No. 8 (C), Human Rights Watch, June 2004, 60 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Commission on AIDS in Asia, Redefining AIDS in Asia: Crafting an Effective Response - Report of the Commission on AIDS in Asia, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 26 March 2008, 258 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care, Changes and Challenges: National HIV/AIDS Strategy 1999-2000 to 2003-2004, Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2000, 59 pp. (Also available at http://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/Content hivstrat_4.pdfhttp://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/Contenthttp://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf) [ Details... ]
  • Csete, Joanne; Daniel Wolfe, Closed to Reason: The International Narcotics Control Board and HIV/AIDS, Open Society Institute/Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, February 2007, 37 pp. (Also available at http://www.soros.org/initiatives/health/focus/ihrd/articles_publications closed_20070226.pdfhttp://www.soros.org/initiatives/health/focus/ihrd/articles_publicationshttp://www.soros.org/initiatives/health/focus/ihrd) [ Details... ]
  • de Kort, Gerard; Sunil Batra; Ratna Pasaribu; Mohsen Vazirian; Salman Ul-Hassan, Young People and Drugs: Towards a Comprehensive Health Promotion Policy, Final Report, Unabridged version edn, AHRN - Asian Harm Reduction Network, Chiang Mai, March 2005, 190 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • de Lind van Wijngaarden, Jan W, The HIV/AIDS Situation in the Republic of the Maldives in 2006, August 2006, 51 pp. (Also available at http://aidsallianceindia.net/Material_Upload/document THE%20HIV-AIDS%20SITUATION.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Deany, Paul, Drug-related HIV Risk, Livelihoods & Communities in Asia, Report on the UNDP Sponsored Session at the 12th International Conference on the Reduction of Drug Related Harm New Delhi, India 1-5 April 2001 (2 parts), UNDP - United Nations Development Programme, 2001. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Deany, Paul, Drug-related HIV Risk, Livelihoods & Communities in Asia - Part 2: Report of the UNDP Sponsored Panel Session, Report on the UNDP Sponsonsored Session at the 12th International Conference on the Reduction of Drug Related Harm New Delhi, India 1-5 April 2001 (2 parts), UNDP - United Nations Development Programme, 2001, 37 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Department of Health, National Strategic Plan for Expansion and Upgrading of HIV/AIDS Activities in Myanmar (2001-2005), Department of Health, Ministry of Health, Union of Myanmar, n/d, 12 pp. (Also available at http://www.youandaids.org/unfiles/napstrategymyanmar.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Department of Health and Ageing, National Hepatitis C Strategy 2005-2008, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2005, 54 pp. (Also available at http://www.vicaids.asn.au/contentfilesuploaded/hepatitis_C.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Department of HIV/AIDS, Family and Community Health, World Health Organization, Global Health-Sector Strategy for HIV/AIDS 2003-2007: Providing a Framework for Partnership and Action, WHO - World Health Organization, Geneva, 1 May 2003, 33 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Donoghoe, Martin C., Annette D. Verster and Bradley Mathers, WHO, UNODC, UNAIDS Technical Guide for Countries to Set Targets for Universal Access to HIV Prevention, Treatment and Care for Injecting Drug Users, (NLM classification: WC 503.6), WHO - World Health Organization, Geneva, 2009, 44 pp. (Also available at http://www.unodc.org/documents/hiv-aids WHO%20UNODC%20UNAIDS%20%20IDU%20Universal%20Access%20Target%20Setting%20Guide%20-%20FINAL%20-%20Feb%2009.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • EAP - The Essential Advocacy Project, The Power to Change - A Training Manual: Building Advocacy Capacity for India's HIV/AIDS Response, Training Resources, EAP, New Delhi, August 2007, 341 pp. (Also available at http://www.constellagroup.com/international-development/resources power-to-change.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Farrell, Michael, John Marsden, Walter Ling, Robert Ali and Linda Gowing, Effectiveness of Drug Dependence Treatment in Preventing HIV Among Injecting Drug Users, Evidence for Action Technical Papers, Final Draft, World Health Organization, Geneva, March 2005, 28 pp. (Also available at http://www.who.int/hiv/pub/idu/drugdependencefinaldraft.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Feachem, Richard G. A., Valuing the Past...Investing in the Future: Evaluation of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy 1993-94 to 1995-96, 2nd edn, Looking Glass Press for Publications and Design (Public Affairs), Commonwealth Dept. of Human Services and Health, Downer, ACT, November 1995, 232 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • FHI - Family Health International, Young People Most at Risk of HIV, FHI, Research Triangle Park, 100 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • FHI - Family Health International, What Drives HIV in Asia?: A Summary of Trends in Sexual and Drug-Taking Behaviours, FHI, 2001, 61 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • FPAN - Family Planning Association of Nepal, HIV/AIDS Strategy 2002-2006, FPAN, n/d, 20 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Gable, Lance, Katharina Gamharter, Lawrence O. Gostin, James G. Hodge, Jr. And Rudolf V. Van Puymbroeck, Legal Aspects of HIV/AIDS: A Guide for Policy and Law Reform, The World Bank, Washington, DC, 2007, 250 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Godwin, John, Enabling Legal Environments for Effective HIV Responses: A Leadership Challenge for the Commonwealth, International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Hove, November 2010, 64 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Government of Nepal, Nepal's National HIV/AIDS Strategy 2002-2006, Government of Nepal, 2002. (Also available at http://www.unaids.org/html/pub/topics/nsp-library/nsp-asia nsp_nepal_2002-2006_en_doc.htm) [ Details... ]
  • Hagarty, Chris, Harm Reduction in Asia: Progress Towards Universal Access to Harm Reduction Services Among People Who Inject Drugs, Commissioned on behalf of The United Nations Regional Task Force on Injecting Drug Use and HIV/AIDS in Asia and the Pacific, Burnet Institute, Melbourne, March 2010, 230 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Haritavorn, Niphattra, Life Beyond the Norm: Voices of Women Injecting Drug Users, 2008, 64 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Healthoutcomes International Pty Ltd; National Centre for HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research; and Michael Drummond, Return on Investment in Needle and Syringe Programs in Australia, Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing, Canberra, 2002, 166 pp. (Also available at http://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/Publishing.nsf/Content roireport.pdfhttp://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/Publishing.nsf/Contenthttp://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/Publishing.nsf) [ Details... ]
  • HIV/AIDS Department, Family and Community Health Cluster, WHO, Leading the Health Sector Response to HIV/AIDS, WHO/HIV/2002.16, WHO - World Health Organization, Geneva, May 2003, 8 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Hong Kong Advisory Council on AIDS, Annual Report of Hong Kong Advisory Council on AIDS (August 2001-July 2002), Hong Kong Advisory Council on AIDS, Hong Kong, July 2002, 66 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Hong Kong Advisory Council on AIDS, Annual Report of Hong Kong Advisory Council on AIDS (August 2002-July 2003), Hong Kong Advisory Council on AIDS, Hong Kong, May 2004, 39 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
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