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Note: Topic descriptions are intended to be a search aid rather than an authoritative or complete definition.


Sexuality refers to all aspects of people’s sexual lives. This topic encompasses policy related documents referring to issues in the HIV/AIDS context including people’s thoughts and feelings about, and meanings ascribed to sex, sexual desire, sexual identity, and social, cultural, legal and economic factors impacting on sexual behaviour.

Prepared by: Bruce A. Smith

Related Entries

Related Topics

Published Resources


  • Jenkins, Carol and Holly Buchanan-Aruwafu, Cultures and Contexts Matter: Understanding and Preventing HIV in the Pacific, Asian Development Bank, Manila, 2007, 165 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]

Conference Papers


  • Tom Barker (ed.), 'Health Insights', Research Findings for Development Policymakers and Practitioners, no. 78, Institute of Development Studies, Brighton, October 2009, 8 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]

Journal Articles

  • Nag, Moni (Population Council, New York), 'Sexual Behaviour in India With Risk of HIV/AIDS Transmission', Health Transition Review (Supplement), vol. 5, Supplement, 1995, pp. 293-305. (Also available at [ Details... ]


  • National Estimates of Adult HIV Infection, Indonesia 2002, Workshop Report, Ministry of Health (Indonesia), Jakarta, 2003, 54 pp. (Also available at [ Details... ]
  • Punitive Laws, Human Rights and HIV Prevention among Men who have Sex with Men in Asia Pacific: High Level Dialogue Report, Regional HIV & Development Programme for Asia & the Pacific, UNDP Asia Pacific Regional Centre, Bangkok, May 2010, 52 pp. (Also available at HLDreportonMSMandHIV-May17HK.pdf) [ Details... ]
  • Banerjee, Sumita and Upasana Sharma, Gender, Sexuality, Rights and HIV: An Overview for Community Sector Organizations, ICASO - International Council of AIDS Service Organizations, Toronto, 2007, 42 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Boyce, Paul and Sunil Pant, Rapid Ethnography of Male to Male Sexuality and Sexual Health, Family Health International, Kathmandu, December 2001, 35 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Ecker, Nanette and Douglas Kirby, International Guidelines on Sexuality Education: An Evidence Informed Approach to Effective Sex, Relationships and HIV/STI Education, Conference Ready Version, UNESCO - United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Paris, June 2009, 98 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Family Health International, Behind the Pleasure: Sexual Decision-Making Among High-Risk Men in Urban Vietnam, Family Health International and USAID, 2006, 84 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Godwin, John, Enabling Legal Environments for Effective HIV Responses: A Leadership Challenge for the Commonwealth, International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Hove, November 2010, 64 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Godwin, John, Legal Environments, Human Rights and HIV Responses among Men who have Sex with Men and Transgender People in Asia and the Pacific: An Agenda for Action, UNDP - United Nations Development Programme, Bangkok, July 2010, 150 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • ICRW - International Center for Research on Women, Gender, Sexuality and Violence in the Context of HIV and AIDS: A Call to Action, ICRW and Oxfam GB (India), 2007, 16 pp. (Also available at [ Details... ]
  • International Health and Human Rights Program, François-Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights Harvard School of Public Health, Bangkok Consultation on HIV/AIDS and Gender-Based Violence, Francois-Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights, Bangkok, June 2 & 3, 2005, 14 pp. (Also available at [ Details... ]
  • International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Working with Men, Responding to AIDS: Gender, Sexuality and HIV - A Case Study Collection, International HIV/AIDS Alliance, 2003, 68 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Jenkins, Carol, HIV/AIDS, Culture and Sexuality in Papua New Guinea, Draft 3, ADB - Asian Development Bank, 4 April 2006, 62 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Mahendra, V.S., S. Pradhan, S. Swain, A. Nanda, S. Patnayk, S. Panda and R. Prasad, Intergenerational Communication on Sexuality and HIV/AIDS: Exploring Feasibility of Building Effective Youth-Adult Partnerships to Reduce HIV Vulnerabilities of the Young, Research Update, Population Council, New Delhi, April 2007, 2 pp. (Also available at [ Details... ]
  • MAP - Monitoring the AIDS Pandemic Network, AIDS in Asia: Face the Facts, MAP Report, MAP - Monitoring the AIDS Pandemic, 2004, 134 pp. (Also available at [ Details... ]
  • Ogden, Jessica, Ann Warner and Geeta Rao Gupta, Sex, Rights and the Law in a World with AIDS: Meeting Report and Recommendations July 2009, ICRW - International Center for Research on Women, Washington, D.C., July 2009, 40 pp. (Also available at [ Details... ]
  • Sadik, Nafis, Strategies, Removing Obstacles and Addressing Challenges - Specific Programming and Scaling Up, Inaugural Statement by Dr. Nafis Sadik Special Advisor to the United Nations Secretary-General and Special Envoy for HIV and AIDS in Asia and the Pacific; 23 Septebember 2006, New Delhi, India, September 2006, 6 pp. (Also available at [ Details... ]
  • The Alan Guttmacher Institute, In Their Own Right: Addressing the Sexual and Reproductive Health Needs of Men WorldWide, The Alan Guttmacher Institute, New York & Washington, March 2003, 74 pp. (Also available at [ Details... ]
  • UNDP - United Nations Development Programme, Law, Ethics and HIV/AIDS in South Asia: A study of the legal and social environments of the epidemic in Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Sri Lanka, UNDP, n/d, 46 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • UNDP India, Missing Pieces: HIV Related Needs of Sexual Minorities in India, National Stakeholder Consultation Report October 24-25, 2008 New Delhi, India, UNDP, 2008, 29 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • UNESCAP - United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Life Skills Training Guide for Young People: HIV/AIDS and Substance Use Prevention, ST/ESCAP/2317, United Nations, New York, 2003, 391 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • Varga, C.A. and I. Zosa-Feranil, Adolescent Reproductive Health in Philippines: Status, Policies, Programs, and Issues, POLICY Project, January 2003, 39 pp. (Also available at [ Details... ]
  • WHO - World Health Organization, UNDP - United Nations Development Programme, UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, Department of Health and APCOM - Asia Pacific Coalition on Male Sexual Health, Priority HIV and Sexual Health Interventions in the Health Sector for Men who have Sex with Men and Transgender People in the Asia-Pacific Region, WHO, Geneva, 2010, 127 pp. (Also available at [ Details... ]
  • Yoddumnern-Attig, Bencha; Uraiwan Kanungsukkasem; Supanee Pluemcharoen; Earmporn Thongkrajai; Junsuda Suwanjandee, HIV Positive Women in Thailand: Their Voices and Choices, ICW - The International Community of Women Living with HIV/AIDS, 2004. [ PDF File | Details... ]