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WHO - World Health Organization
Rapid Advice: Use of Antiretroviral Drugs for Treating Pregnant Women and Preventing HIV Infection in Infants
WHO, Geneva, November 2009, 25 pp

"The World Health Organization (WHO) worked on the revision of the Use of antiretroviral drugs for treating pregnant women and preventing HIV infection in infants: recommendations for a public health approach, 2006, through a series of coordinated efforts to review and synthesize emerging evidence. The key areas of review are:

a. when to start and what antiretroviral therapy (ART) to give to pregnant women living with HIV who are eligible for ART; and
b. when to start and what antiretroviral (ARV) prophylaxis to give to pregnant women who do not need ART for their own health, but need ARVs to reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV.

This evidence was assembled following systematic reviews, GRADE profile analysis, consultations with key implementers, cost review, and peer review."

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