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Mutonyi, Mercy
Understanding the Effect of the Tsunami and Its Aftermath on Vulnerability to HIV in Coastal India
Description of Work
Oxfam Humanitarian Field Studies
Oxfam International, September 2007, 17 pp

Reproduced with the kind permission of Oxfam International.

"The research that forms the basis of this report was carried out by the Swasti Health Resource Center of Bangalore, India. Oxfam funded the project, and Hari Krishna, India Humanitarian Representative for Oxfam America, provided technical and advisory support. This article, drawn from the original research report written by N. Shiv Kumar, N. Raghunathan, and Benoy Peter of Swasti, was composed by Mercy Mutonyi of the Feinstein International Center at Tufts University. Oxfam would like to give special thanks to K. Jose Michael, former Oxfam program coordinator for HIV and AIDS, who conceived the research project; the Swasti researchers; and the hundreds of community members who participated in the study and volunteered their time and insights."


"In 2006, Oxfam commissioned the Swasti Health Resource Center in Bangalore, India, to study whether the 2004 tsunami and its aftermath increased vulnerability to HIV infection among affected residents of coastal India. Researchers found that such vulnerability did indeed increase in most of the 30 communities studied, primarily because the physical, social, and psychological conditions after the tsunami led to a significant increase in unprotected sex with non-regular sexual partners, especially among people living in temporary shelters. The research team recommends measures that government, local NGOs, and international aid groups can take to minimize the risk of HIV infection among displaced people after major disasters."

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