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Report

 

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Author
ADB - Asian Development Bank
Title
Socioeconomic Implications of HIV/AIDS in the Pacific
Imprint
ADB, 2006, 47 pp
Description

Technical Assistance Consultant's Report.

Reproduced with permission from the Asian Development Bank from the ADB website, www.adb.org.

Abstract

"The first section of the report provides an overview of the modeling approach used. Subpopulations within the region that engage in high-risk behavior then are described to provide context for modeling future HIV/AIDS prevalence. Behavioral characteristics within the general population, such as low condom usage, also are described as the virus has the potential to bridge into the general community. Possible future impacts are based on high and low HIV/AIDS epidemic growth scenarios for PNG, Kiribati, and Fiji Islands - the Pacific countries with the most people with HIV/AIDS. In addition, data are most abundant for these countries. Initially, demographic implications of these scenarios are described. Indicators include the number of HIV and AIDS cases, life expectancy, number of orphans, and crude death rates. The potential sectoral impact of growth in the HIV/AIDS epidemic on hospital capacity, health sector budgets, and the number of people requiring antiretroviral therapy (ART) are outlined. The resource requirements for these scenarios also are provided, and financial shortfalls are assessed. The macroeconomic impacts of HIV/AIDS in PNG and Kiribati then are addressed. Key findings from the study are highlighted in the Conclusions section, and recommendations for development partners and governments conclude the report."

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