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Author
UN Regional Task Force on Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV
Title
Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV: Issues for South East Asia
Imprint
UN Regional Task Force on Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV, April 2001, 25 pp
Description

Technical update no. 2. Jointly developed by:
UNAIDS South East Asia and Pacific Intercountry Team; UNICEF East Asia and Pacific Regional Office;
UNFPA Country Technical Services Team; WHO Thailand; Thai Red Cross AIDS Research Center.

Abstract

"More than 11 million children have lost one or both of their parents to HIV/AIDS. Due to the lack of health care infrastructure and access to health care services, South East Asia has recently experienced an increase in the number of children who are orphaned as a result of HIV/AIDS. Stigmatization and discrimination from society affects both HIVinfected children and uninfected children who have family members with HIV. The statistics in Table 2 illustrated the seriousness of the epidemic of HIV among children. It is generally agreed upon that failing to address the issues of PMTCT (prevention of mother-to-child transmission) dramatically increases the morbidity and mortality among children affected by HIV/AIDS. Thus, PMTCT has become the priority worldwide for reducing the numbers of HIV-infected children. There are at least 6 million people living with HIV/AIDS in the Asia Pacific region. The numbers of HIV-infected women and children are increasing at an alarming rate. Important components that need to be addressed in order to successfully prevent and reduce perinatal HIV transmission include VCCT, family planning, obstetric care, ARV use and infant feeding. There are many services that can aid in the PMTCT of HIV and the care of HIV-infected mothers and their children (Table 9). Each country needs to take into account its HIV/AIDS epidemiology, its infrastructure and the available resources. Providing services in a stepwise manner can aid in the achievement of PMTCT."

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