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Author
International HIV/AIDS Alliance
Title
Building Blocks: Asia (Social Inclusion)
In
Briefing notes for communities working with orphans and vulnerable children
Imprint
International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Brighton, 2006, 20 pp
Description

See series of related publications. Reproduced with kind permission of the International HIV/AIDS Alliance.

Abstract

"The International HIV/AIDS Alliance, with funding from USAID, has produced this series of practical briefing notes to assist policy-makers, programme managers, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), community-based organisations (CBOs), local government and communities to respond to the needs of children affected by HIV and AIDS1 in Asia. The briefing notes focus on how programmes can strengthen the capacity of children, families and communities. They do not include general information on HIV and AIDS, as this is available in many other publications. These briefing notes are part of a set of seven, comprising six topics and an overview; Health and nutrition; Livelihoods and economic strengthening; Education and training; Care and psychosocial support; Social inclusion.
Stigma and discrimination can affect children both with and without HIV. Children who do not have HIV may still be stigmatised because a parent has HIV or has died from AIDS. Stigma and discrimination are the result of fear and ignorance, and are characterised by rejection, hostility, isolation and violations of rights to health care, education and employment. Stigma and discrimination increase the impact of HIV/AIDS on children. People who think that orphans also have HIV or that their families have brought shame on the community often discriminate against them, denying them social, economic, emotional and educational support. HIV/AIDS worsens the stigmatisation of children of sex workers or migrants, street children, children in detention and those using drugs. Socially excluded children are more at risk of HIV infection because they lack information and emotional support, and are vulnerable to sexual exploitation and abuse. Stigma may prevent people from disclosing their HIV status and seeking help from support and care services. Affected children and their carers are often unaware of their rights and of laws to protect them from discrimination. Sometimes they are aware of their rights but are unable to demand better treatment, have no one to advocate for them and no access to legal advice."

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Related Published Resources

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  • International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Building Blocks: Asia (Overview), Briefing notes for communities working with orphans and vulnerable children, International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Brighton, 2006, 18 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Building Blocks: Asia (Education), Briefing notes for communities working with orphans and vulnerable children, International HIV/AIDS Alliance, 2006, 24 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Building Blocks: Asia (Health and Nutrition), Briefing notes for communities working with orphans and vulnerable children, International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Brighton, 2006, 28 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Building Blocks: Asia (Livelihoods and Economic Strengthening), Briefing notes for communities working with orphans and vulnerable children, International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Brighton, 2006, 24 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Building Blocks: Asia (Care and Psychosocial Support), Briefing notes for communities working with orphans and vulnerable children, International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Brighton, 2006, 26 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]
  • International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Building Blocks: Asia (Protection), Briefing notes for communities working with orphans and vulnerable children, International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Brighton, 2006, 22 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]