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Author
Aggleton, Peter; Elaine Chase; Kim Rivers; Paul Tyrer
Title
Innovative Approaches to HIV Prevention: Selected Case Studies
Imprint
UNAIDS - Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, Geneva, October 2000, 55 pp
Description

UNAIDS Best Practice Collection Key Material (UNAIDS/00.35E)

Abstract

" Over the last two decades, much has been learned about HIV prevention. Some of this new knowledge comes from carefully conducted evaluation studies, programme reviews, the documentation of existing good practices (UNAIDS, 1999), meta-analyses and reviews (e.g. Gibney, DiClemente & Vermund, 1999), and the observations of field workers, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and health promotion practitioners. All of these information sources have proved to be valuable in indicating the most appropriate and promising interventions. By providing different kinds of information for example, indicating changes in the prevalence and incidence of infection; changes in reported behaviours; increases in related service utilization or condom sales; or improved HIV-related knowledge, beliefs, attitudes and skills – each contributes to our understanding of what can ‘work’ in HIV prevention. The activities undertaken as part of this work should not be regarded as comprehensive. Rather, the aim is to identify key studies and investigations on HIV prevention interventions beyond information dissemination. Thus, this work provides a set of intervention examples for HIV prevention
and highlights some of the key issues to consider when designing, implementing and evaluating HIV programmes. The following sections provide case study examples of interventions conducted for the prevention of HIV/AIDS for the aforementioned most vulnerable groups, and describe promising HIV prevention interventions geared to addressing their specific needs."

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