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Author
Moodie, Rob & Edith Fry
Title
HIV/AIDS - A Global Overview With Emphasis on Asia and the Pacific
In
It's Everyone's Problem: HIV/AIDS and Development in Asia and the Pacific
Imprint
AusAID, Melbourne, 2000, 24 pp
Description

Paper prepared for Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Special Seminar, November 22, 2000. Reproduced with kind permission of AusAID.

Abstract

"Over 15,000 new HIV infections are now being contracted each day across the globe, compared to 8,500 per day in 1996 and 4,000 in 1990. In Asia, it is estimated that over 7 million people are infected. India has the second highest number of people infected with HIV of any country in the world – an estimated 3.7 million. There is little doubt, on the basis of the history of HIV/AIDS spread to date, that it will continue to worsen in Asia and the Pacific in the foreseeable future; thus longterm, well resourced, and well coordinated prevention, treatment and care efforts are required. HIV/AIDS is not simply a health issue. It affects virtually all aspects of human development. It erodes human, social and financial capital. It hits hardest those countries that can least absorb its impact. It affects the manufacturing sector, the professional and academic sectors, agriculture, education, defence, let alone the health care and social welfare sectors. It can threaten national stability and security, as it is now doing in central and southern Africa. And, as in Africa, HIV/AIDS has the potential to undermine Australian aid programs in several Asian and the Pacific countries. Development aid agencies, governmental
or non-governmental, ignore HIV at their peril. This paper suggests several ways Australia can play an important international leadership role in HIV/AIDS, particularly in the Asia and Pacific region. Ensure HIV/AIDS assistance supports and is supported by the moral,
humanitarian, economic and national security concerns of Australia’s foreign policy. Develop long term, well-resourced (financially and intellectually), trusting relationships with a select number of partner countries. Develop a comprehensive range of aid pathways for HIV assistance. Focus on supporting high level political and bureaucratic mobilisation, so important in effective national responses Ensure there is well trained, cross culturally effective staff to support Australian aid projects. Ensure that Australian aid assistance in HIV/AIDS is well integrated into the broader social, economic and health care needs of countries."

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  • Caldwell, J, AIDS in Melanesia, It's Everyone's Problem: HIV/AIDS and Development in Asia and the Pacific, AusAID, Canberra, 22 November, 2000, 24 pp. [ PDF File | Details... ]