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WHO - World Health Organization, Gender and Women's Health
Violence Against Women and HIV/AIDS: Setting the Research Agenda
Description of Work
Meeting Report Geneva, 23-25 October 2000
WHO - World Health Organization, Geneva, 2001, 33 pp

Reproduced with WHO's kind permission.


"Violence and the fear of violence are emerging as an important risk factor contributing to the vulnerability to HIV infection for women.The extent to which individuals who are HIV infected, particularly women, are vulnerable to violence is also an issue of concern. A growing number of studies have documented the high prevalence of intimate partner violence and sexual violence against women worldwide. This violence can contribute to women’s increased risk of HIV infection both directly through forced sex and indirectly by constraining women’s ability to negotiate the circumstances in which sex takes place and the use of condoms. In addition, sexual abuse during childhood seems to be associated with high-risk behaviours in later stages of life that may also increase the risk of HIV. However, many questions remain as to the extent of this increased risk and the precise interactions between different forms of violence against women (VAW) and HIV/AIDS. Further research is needed to understand exactly how these two areas overlap.The extent to which interventions can effectively address both problems also requires further research and collaboration between those working on VAW and those working on HIV/AIDS."

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