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UNFPA - United Nations Population Fund & EngenderHealth
HIV Prevention in Maternal Health Services: Programming Guide
UNFPA and EngenderHealth, New York, 2004, 149 pp

Reproduced with the kind permission of UNFPA.


"Each year, an estimated 200 million women in the world become pregnant, and approximately 2.5 million of these women are HIV-positive (UNAIDS, 2002). Infection rates are alarmingly high among pregnant women in some countries, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa, but the majority of pregnant women in the world are HIV-negative. This fact presents the world with the major challenge of enabling the nearly 99% of women who become pregnant each year and who have not acquired the virus to remain HIV-negative.

This guide has a two-fold purpose:

- To address programming gaps in the prevention of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in maternal health services

- To increase the capacity of maternal health providers and community based providers (eg. Traditional birth attendants, midwives, and community health workers) trhough training and facilitative supervision to provide pregnant and postpartum women with HIV and STI prevention services and referrals."

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