Main site navigation



  • Click to view this pdf file
D’Sami, Bernard
Migration Patterns and Challenges for Indians Seeking Work Abroad: A Special Focus on South India
UNDP South & Southwest Asia Project on HIV & Development, October 2001, 15 pp

Reproduced with kind permission of the UNDP.


"This paper, which focuses on the issues particular to those leaving India in the search of work, is authored by Dr. Bernard D’Sami, who heads the National Forum of Migrant Workers’ Rights, and also the department of History at Loyola College, Chennai. Dr. D’Sami has conducted extensive research on out-migration and asylum seekers, has attended the summer institute on ‘forced migration’ in the Refugee Studies programme of Oxford University, and has experience in organising refugee students at the national level. Presently he is involved in Participatory Action Research, with CARAM Asia and UNDP HIV-SSWA, to explore more deeply into the push and pull factors of outmigration and the HIV vulnerability of the migrant workers. This research concentrates mainly on out-migration in an analysis of primary and secondary sources available with government agencies such as the Emigration Division, the Ministry of Labour (Union Government), and the Overseas Manpower Corporation. Research institutions, journals on labour economics and other publications
have also been used for further information. In addition, the experiences from organisations such as the Christian Workers Movement, The Young Christian Workers, the Migrant Forum and The Peace Trust have also been used to supplement the research contributing to this paper. Consultation meetings were held in Chennai on 14th August and 15th & 16th December 2000, from which personal accounts and recommendations for action emerged, as reflected in this document. Issues related to internal migration, which are not a focus of this paper, have been researched and documented extensively by the V.V. Giri National Institute as well as other institutions. The challenges of migration, mobility and HIV vulnerability are gaining increasing importance as we learn more about HIV and how it is spread in India.
Research has shown that the large majority of infections found in rural areas are directly linked to migration. The link between HIV vulnerability and migration has become recognised as a crucial element of the epidemic, and the scope for responses through government programmes and NGO initiatives is built into the India National AIDS Control Plan II, which identifies migrant workers as a “bridge population."

Related Entries


Inter-Governmental Organisations


Related Published Resources


  • HIV Vulnerability and Migration: A South Asia Perspective, UNDP South & Southwest Asia Project on HIV & Development, October 2001. [ Details... ]